Category Archives: Names of Allah

Al-Kabir

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Al-Kabir

{99 Names of Allah Series}

Assalamu Alaykum Wa Rahmatullah Wa Barakatuh

I hope we are all in the best state of health and iman.

Al-Kabir – The Great

Kabeer comes from the root kaaf-baa-raa, which points to three main meanings. The first is to be great in rank and nobility and the second to be great in size. The third main meaning is to be great in age and the fourth to be great in learning and knowledge. The fifth main meaning is to have rights above all others.

Linguistically, kibriyyah refers to the concept of greatness. One who is kabeer is someone great in rank or skill. Allah is Al-Kabeer—The All-Great and The Most Great; for each of His attributes He is the greatest.

Al-Kabeer Himself says: So the judgment is with Allah, the Most High, the Grand [Quran, 40:12], . . . because Allah is the Most High, the Grand [Quran, 22:62], and . . . Indeed, Allah is ever Exalted and Grand [Quran, 4:34].

Allah ‘azza wa jall instructs you: And magnify Your Lord [Quran, 74:3]. Words to magnify Al-Kabeer, like the tahleel (laa ilaaha illAllah) tahmeed (Alhamdulillah), tasbeeh (subhanAllah) and takbeer (Allahu akbar), have great meanings; ponder their true meanings, increase in saying them and be careful not to misuse them.

What is really akbar in your life? The Prophet salallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam taught you to say Allahu akbar at the start and during your whole salah. Whenever you say, or hear, Allahu Akbar in prayer or the adhaan (call to Prayer), know what it really means. Know that Al-Kabeer is far greater than anything that you could ever imagine or think of. When you raise your hands to start your prayer, imagine you’re throwing the whole world behind you and all is about Allahu akbar.

Glorify Him alone and be humble in life in order to be great in the sight of Al-Kabeer. If Allah Al-Kabeer blessed you with being kabeer in this world in knowledge, job position, or any other skill, make others benefit and truly become kabeer to Him in the Hereafter.

May Al-Kabeer make our religion greater. Forgive us, as we forget His greatness. Make us people that understand His might and greatness. Ameen!

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Al-Aliy

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Al-Aliy

{99 Names of Allah Series}

Assalamu Alaykum Wa Rahmatullah Wa Barakatuh

I hope we are all in the best state of health and iman.

Al-Aliy= The exalted

Linguistically, ‘uloow points to the attribute of loftiness, and a person is ‘alee when he is prominent. Al-‘Aliy, under whose control everything in existence is, is the Most High.

Aliy comes from the root ayn-laam-waaw, which points to four main meanings. The first is to be high, lofty, and exalted and to ascend. The second main meaning is to overcome and overwhelm and the third to advance and exceed. The fourth main meaning is to be eminent.

Al-‘Aliy Himself said: He is the Most High, the Great [Quran, 2:255] . . . judgment belongs to Allah, the High, the Great [Quran, 40:12], and … the Great, the Most High [Quran, 13:9].

Al-Musabbihaat are the surahs in the Quran that begin with the declaration (sabbaha) of the perfection of Allah. Of the musabbihaat, Surah Al-‘Alaa is the most beloved to the Prophet salallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam. He loved to recite this specific surah in every single Jumuah prayer and in both of the Eid prayers.

The first ayah is: sabbi hisma Rabbikal’alaa – Exalt the name of your Lord, the Most High. There are many narrations of the companions radiyallahu ‘anhum, including those of ‘Ali, that whenever the Prophet heard this ayah he would say: Subhana Rabbi al-‘Alaa, Subhana Rabbi al’A’laa (Glory to my Lord, the Most High). When this first ayah was revealed the Prophet said: Put it in your sujood. Thus in every sujood of our prayer we use this version of Rabb (Lord), by saying: Subhana Rabbi, al ‘Alaa.

Among the good manners adorning a believer is submission before the glory of Al-‘Aliy. Train yourself to submit to Him, and place no one or nothing above Him in your daily life. Fight your desires and train yourself to show patience and gratitude in all situations to please Al-‘Aliy. The Prophet salallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said: Whoever humbles himself before Allah, Allah will elevate him. [Muslim]

When are we closest to the highest? When we are in sujood, the lowest position we can be in! The Prophet salallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam taught us: Prostrate much because there is no Muslim that prostrates to Allah except that Allah raises him one degree in Paradise by it and forgives for him a sin. [Ahmad] The more you prostrate, the more you raise your ranks in paradise insha’Allah, until you reach the highest level, Jannat Al-Firdaws (Paradise). This is where the Prophet will be. And the roof of this particular level is the throne of Al-‘Aliy!

Make sure you don’t just prostrate with your body, but also with a heart full of humility.

O Allah, Al-‘Aliy, we know that You are far above any imperfection. Help us to be humble, to fight our desires, and to never place anyone or anything above You. Make us increase our sujood with body and heart. Accept our good words and deeds and aid us to pray to you night and day. Elevate our ranks until we reach the highest Paradise, ameen!

Image from: furkannesli.com

Ash-Shakoor

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Ash-Shakoor

{99 Names of Allah Series}

Assalamu Alaykum Wa Rahmatullah Wa Barakatuh

I hope we are in the best state of health and iman.

Ash-Shakoor-The most appreciative

“Whosoever relieves from a believer some grief pertaining to this world, Allah will relieve from him some grief pertaining to the Hereafter. Whosoever alleviates the difficulties of a needy person who cannot pay his debt, Allah will alleviate his difficulties in both this world and the Hereafter. Whosoever conceals the faults of a Muslim, Allah will conceal his faults in this world and the Hereafter. Allah will aid a servant (of His) so long as the servant aids his brother.” [Muslim]

Reading this hadith (saying of the Prophet ﷺ) always humbles me. We are given so much for doing things that we should be doing anyway, at the very least out of thanks because of all that we have been given. When we think of the concept of appreciation, what should immediately come to mind is that we should be appreciative and grateful for the blessings that Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala (exalted is He) has bestowed upon us—everything from the material, to our friends and family, to the spiritual.

But do we realize that Allah has given Himself the Name ash-Shakoor?

Shukr is defined as recognizing and appreciating when good is done. Shakoor in Arabic is also used to describe an animal that is given little food but gives back much. So it revolves around receiving something, even if small, and giving back much because of it.

Allah is ash-Shakoor, which we will translate here as the Most Appreciative. Al-Ghazali tells us that ash-Shakoor is “the one who rewards the practice of a few pious deeds many-fold, and in response to the action of a few days, gives limitless happiness in the life to come. The one who rewards a good deed many-fold is said to be grateful for that deed, while whoever commends the one who does a good deed is also said to be grateful. Yet if you consider the multiplication factor in reward, only God—great and glorious—is absolutely grateful because His multiplication of the reward is unrestricted and unlimited; for there is no end to the happiness of Paradise.”

Allah (swt) says in the Qur’an:

لِيُوَفِّيَهُمْ أُجُورَهُمْ وَيَزِيدَهُم مِّن فَضْلِهِ إِنَّهُ غَفُورٌ شَكُورٌ

“That He may give them in full their rewards and increase for them of His bounty. Indeed, He is Forgiving and Appreciative.” (Qur’an, 35:30)

We might think—what does Allah have to be appreciative for? Everything we have is from Him anyway! But that is why He, the Most High, is ash-Shakoor: The Most-Appreciative. In this form, it means He appreciates the smallest of deeds, He appreciates the deeds all the time, and His appreciation is unlimited.

وَمَنْ يَقْتَرِفْ حَسَنَةً نَزِدْ لَهُ فِيهَا حُسْنًا إِنَّ اللَّهَ غَفُورٌ شَكُورٌ

“…And whoever commits a good deed — We will increase for him good therein. Indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Appreciative.” (Qur’an, 42:23)

The Prophet ﷺ urged us to do good deeds no matter how small, as he said that we should protect ourselves from the Fire by giving even half of a date in charity [Bukhari]. Now imagine if you give even more?

This is why the Prophet ﷺ reminds us, “Do not belittle any good deed, even meeting your brother with a cheerful face,” [Muslim]. Allah appreciates the deeds that are done to all creatures, not simply humans. The Prophet ﷺ narrates to us a story of a man who was extremely thirsty, and found a well, which he climbed down to fetch water to quench his thirst. He then saw a dog which was panting out of thirst. Recognizing that the dog felt the exact same thing he was a few minutes ago, he climbed back down the well in order to give the dog some water. Allah appreciated his action (fashakara Allahu lahu) and forgave his sins [Bukhari and Muslim].

Simple acts like glorifying Allah (saying subhan’Allah – glory be to God) 100 times grants you 1000 good deeds.

Allah (swt) even appreciates our intention. The Prophet ﷺ describes two men: one man whom Allah has bestowed upon wealth and knowledge, and he acts upon that knowledge and gives from his wealth; and another man whom Allah has given knowledge but no wealth, and that man says, “If I had the wealth he had, I would do the same”. The Prophet ﷺ said “And they are rewarded the same”. [Ibn Majah]

Go out of your way to help someone, not expecting anything in return, and someone along the road will do that for you as a reward from Allah (swt). I remember someone telling my father and me about a time he was severely in debt. Only halfway through the month he was counting the little money that he had, not sure how he would feed his family for the next few weeks. He told us that as he was thinking about what he should do, a man who had borrowed money from him 10 years ago when he was a student called him and said he had the money to pay him back. Nothing we ever do is lost. Allah (swt) kept that money for him for when he needed it the most. And this man, may Allah bless him, had a habit of never asking for money back when he loaned it to people. It worked to his detriment sometimes, but Allah (swt) appreciated his selfless deed and returned the money to him when it was worth so much more. The Prophet ﷺ exemplified this and always gave people, so much that a Bedouin exclaimed, “O my people! Embrace Islam, for Muhammad gives away like the one who does not fear poverty.” [Muslim]

Being aware of ash-Shakoor

Awareness of ash-Shakoor should inspire in us the following things:

Give as much as you can, be there for people and help where you can. Treat people as you like Allah (swt) to treat you. The Prophet ﷺ said: “Walking with a brother in order to fulfill his needs is better for me than fasting and remaining in devotional seclusion in my mosque for a whole month.” [Tabarani] Allah rewards for the tiniest things we do, so imagine if we start doing great things?

Worship Allah (swt) in the best way that you can. Try to improve the devotion in your prayers, reflect over the Qur’an, fast voluntarily if you can—you will see the effect both in this life and the next insha’Allah! Also, adding a small amount that is continuous is better that doing so much and then burning out, so remember to do what you can bear.

Sometimes Allah (swt) postpones the signs of His appreciation – and this is to build sincerity. Are you going to give up because you don’t see the immediate fruits? Do it for Allah (swt), because you know He is ash-Shakoor in this life and the next, and ask Him to grant you beautiful patience. Remember that the Prophet ﷺ was kind and forbearing and was not treated with the same in Makkah, but Allah (swt) gave him great companions and finally refuge in Madina.

Appreciate people. The Prophet ﷺ taught us that “The one who does not thank people had not thanked God.” [Abu Dawud]

Finally, be grateful for what you have been given by Allah (swt). Al-Ghazali states, “The best way of manifesting thankfulness for the blessings of God Most High is to make use of these blessings in obeying, and not disobeying, Him.”

Allah (swt) says:

“Is the reward for good [anything] but good?

[Qur’an, 55:60]

May Allah enable us to be thankful and appreciative servants of the Most-Appreciative.

Taken from: http://www.virtualmosque.com

Image from: http://perfekterkreis.de/ash-shakur/

Al-Adheem

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Al-Adheem

{99 Names of Allah Series}

Assalamu Alaykum Wa Rahmatullah Wa Barakatuh

I hope we are in the best state of health and iman.

Al-Adheem – The Magnificient

‘Adheem comes from the root ayn-Dhaa-meem, which points to four main meanings. The first is to be great, large, vast, huge, and enormous and also to be great in rank. The second main meaning is to be imposing, powerful, superior, and honoured, and the fourth is to be above any imperfection.

Linguistically, ‘adheem is a superlative derived from the noun `idham, which encompasses greatness, magnanimity, and honour. Al-‘Adheem, is the One whose greatness can’t be grasped by sight; it’s beyond all limits, and no human intellect can ever absorb it.

Allah’s name Al-‘Adheem— The Magnificent, The Supreme Glory, the Greatest — on eleven occasions in the Quran. He is the One whose might and grandeur are contained within Himself. All His actions are perfect, and only He deserves to be exalted by creation. Al-‘Adheem is the owner of all power, might, and strength. Everything besides Him is small and insignificant!

Al-‘Adheem Himself says: He is the most High, the Greatest. [Quran, 2:255] . . . To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth, and He is the Most High, the Most Great. [Quran, 42:4] So exalt the name of your Lord, the Most Great. [Quran, 56:74]

‘Adhm means bone; it refers to strength. Al-‘Adheem is the greatest and the strongest and He chose us to contemplate His greatness and strength each time we bow down and say ‘Subhaana Rabbiyal ‘Adheem’ in our prayer.

In His ultimate wisdom He chose this name of all His names to be repeated a minimum of three times in each prayer. We say it while we are bowing down, submitting to His greatness and strength. When we bow in rukoo’ we should focus all of our body and mind on how inferior we are in comparison with Al-‘Adheem. Bowing is admitting, testifying to the grandeur and the might of Allah ‘azza wa jall!

In the Arabic language the word ‘adheem is used to point out to different concepts of greatness, for example a punishment ‘adheem is a great punishment, or a man ‘adheem is a great man.

However, the magnificence of Allah Al-‘Adheem is beyond our imagination, even though we see part of His actions in the world we live in. Each attribute or action of any created being, even though it seems great, is insignificant looking at Al-‘Adheem. For example the knowledge of the most learned scholar cannot even be compared to the perfect knowledge of Al-‘Adheem, not in the slightest.

Abu Hurairah, may Allah be pleased with him, reported: The Messenger of Allah salallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said: ‘There are two statements that are light for the tongue to remember, heavy in the Scales and are dear to the Merciful: Subhan-Allahi wa bihamdihi, Subhan-Allahil-‘Adheem [Glory be to Allah and His is the praise, (and) Allah, the Greatest is free from imperfection).’ [Al-Bukharee and Muslim] Make it a habit to say this any spare moment, while working, cooking, waiting, travelling, etc

He is the owner of all strength; each hardship, challenge, or problem you face is insignificant compared to what He was able to create. Al-‘Adheem created the beautiful sky and the strong and huge mountains— don’t you think He will be able to solve all your problems? So ask Al-‘Adheem to help you in all situations and call on Him whenever you feel you need strength to carry on in life.

May we always turn to Al-Adheem always and forgive us for doubting His might and magnificence. Ameen!

Al-Haleem

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Al-Haleem

Assalamu Alaykum Wa Rahmatullah Wa Barakatuh

I hope we are the best state of health, iman and taqwa.

Al-Haleem- The forebearing

Haleem comes from the root Haa-laam-meem, which points three main meanings. The first main meaning is to be forbearing, lenient and to be forgiving and the second is to be calm and serene. The third main meaning is to be not hasty and exhibit moderation.

Linguistically, the concept of hilm refers to the patience that arises from a sense of deep serenity and lenience and the concept of sabr points to the patience that arises by self-restraint and enduring something without complaint. Al-Haleem: . . . observes disobedience to Him, yet anger doesn’t incite Him, nor does wrath seize Him, nor do haste and recklessness move Him to rush to take vengeance even though He’s utterly capable of doing that. [Al-Ghazali]

Al-Haleem Himself says: And if Allah were to punish people for what they have earned, He would not leave upon the earth any creature. But He gives them respite for a specified term. [Quran, 35:45] Al-Haleem can delay a punishment to give you time to return to Him, seek His forgiveness, and change your ways, because He is forbearing. He can even cancel your punishment altogether. Isn’t Al-Haleem acting out His love for us in an amazing way?

Imagine that you got caught doing something bad, but the person let’s it slide and doesn’t punish you or embarrass you. Would you feel embarrassment, relief, and gratitude, telling them you’re not going to do it again and be grateful for their forbearance? What about Allah? Every single day we do things we shouldn’t, and in most instances He lets it go. Because He is Al-Haleem, His hilm is far above any forbearance a human being can ever show.

No matter your temper, everyone can practice developing forbearance. The Prophet salallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said to Ashajj ‘Abdu’l-Qays: You have two qualities which Allah loves: forbearance and steadiness. [Muslim] Is it forbearance when you let it slide once or twice but explode the third time because you have so much rancour inside you? Many relationships get destroyed because of moments of rage. Hilm is when you’re in a position to show your anger but still hold it back. How? Let Al-Haleem inspire you. Another way is to simulate forbearance for the sake of Al-Haleem, even though you feel enraged. Tell yourself: I’m suppressing my anger because I love Him and seek His Love, because I want to be close to Him, and because I would like to obey His messenger.

Just like you would be grateful to anyone who overlooks your faults and mistakes, recognize the extreme and intense forbearance of Al-Haleem towards you and return to Him after you sin. And as a way of being thankful to al-Haleem for His forbearance, remember to train yourself to be forbearing.

May Allah forgive us our sins, protect us from taking advantage of His Hilm by persisting in our wrong deeds. Make us forebrain get towards others. Ameen!

Al-Lateef

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Al-Lateef

{99 Names of Allah Series}Assalamu Alaykum Wa Rahmatullah Wa Barakatuh!

Alhamdulillah yet another beautiful Friday. I hope we are all in the best state of iman and health.
Al-Lateef- The Gentle, The Kind

Lateef comes from the root laam-Taa-faa, which points out to four main meanings. The first meaning is to be kind, gentle, mild, affectionate, soothing, and to bestow with kindness. The second main meaning is to be thin, delicate, and refined, and the third to be subtle and to know the details of all affairs. The fourth main meaning is to treat with regard for circumstances.

Linguistically, the concept of lutf refers to being so kind to someone that they don’t notice as well as something that’s too tiny or too subtle to be seen or felt. It also means to know secrets and minute details of things and to be able to do what others can’t do. Al-Lateef refers to His infinite kindness and His complete knowledge, with which He bestows gifts and favours on us, taking us gently from one situation to another and causing us to benefit without us even knowing it.
Alllah says: Vision perceives Him not, but He perceives [all] vision; and He is the Subtle, the Acquainted. [Quran, 6:103]

Allah is Subtle with His servants; He gives provisions to whom He wills. And He is the Powerful, the Exalted in Might. [Quran, 42:19]
A way of being thankful to Al-Lateef for His gentleness, we should try our best to be a source of gentleness and kindness to others. Make a special effort to look out for the poor, orphans, widows, prisoners, and all those in need around you and to do something to make their lives easier. 

s the Prophet said: Show gentleness, for if gentleness is found in anything, it beautifies it and when it is taken out from anything it damages it. [Abu Dawud]
May Allah grant us His love and kindness. Increase us in goodness and make us people that bring happiness to others.Ameen!

Al-Adl

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Al-Adl

Assalamu Alaykum Wa Rahmatullah Wa Barakatuh I hope we are all in the best state of health, iman. May Allah increase our iman. Ameen!

Al-Adl-The Judge

The name Al-Adl is not mentioned directly in the Qur’an 

But it is proven that Allaah has the attribute of being just, and He is just in all that He does, as it is narrated in al-Bukhaari (3150) and Muslim (1062) from ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Mas’ood about the man who objected to the Prophet’s division of the booty, and he (the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)) said: “Who will be just if Allaah and His Messenger are not just?” 

Ibn al-Qayyim (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: 

Justice is one of His attributes, so He is just in what He says and what He does and what He rules. 

A similar report was narrated from Mu’aadh (may Allaah be pleased with him), that he did not sit in any gathering of dhikr but he would say: “Allaah is Just and Fair, and those who have doubt are doomed.” Narrated by Abu Dawood (4611). It is mawqoof and was classed as saheeh by al-Albaani. 

He judges between His slaves in this world and the next, with His justice and fairness. He does not oppress anyone in the slightest, and no one is made to bear the burden of another person’s sin. He does not punish a person more than he deserves for his sin, he restores to people their rights and does not leave anyone without restoring what is his right. He is just in His running of the universe and in His decision making.

“Verily, Allah enjoins Al-‘Adl (i.e. justice and worshipping none but Allah Alone – Islamic Monotheism) and Al-Ihsan (i.e. to be patient in performing your duties to Allah, totally for Allah’s sake and in accordance with the Sunnah (legal ways) of the Prophet SAW in a perfect manner), and giving (help) to kith and kin (i.e. all that Allah has ordered you to give them e.g., wealth, visiting, looking after them, or any other kind of help, etc.): and forbids Al-Fahsha (i.e all evil deeds, e.g. illegal sexual acts, disobedience of parents, polytheism, to tell lies, to give false witness, to kill a life without right, etc.), and Al-Munkar (i.e all that is prohibited by Islamic law: polytheism of every kind, disbelief and every kind of evil deeds, etc.), and Al-Baghy (i.e. all kinds of oppression), He admonishes you, that you may take heed.”
[an-Nahl 16:90]

As a believer, be fair to yourself by focusing on that which will lead to salvation and victory in the hereafter; avoid that which will cause you to slip and fall short, so that you will not expose yourself to punishment. Be just towards other people by upholding ties of kinship, treating people kindly and pardoning those who mistreat you; love for them what you love for yourself of good. Be just towards plants, animals and the earth by showing mercy and compassion, and avoid causing harm. Then if Allah sees you doing this, He will reward you by His leave as He, may He be glorified and exalted, says (interpretation of the meaning): “Is there any reward for good other than good? Then which of the Blessings of your Lord will you both (jinns and men) deny?” [ar-Rahmaan 55:60-61]. 

May Allah make it easy for us to be just in all our affairs and May He be pleased with us always. Ameen!