The First Ten Days of Thul-Hijjah
Allah, in His infinite Mercy and Grace, increases the rewards for good deeds in certain seasons, months, days and places, in order to aid His servants to purify themselves from major sins.
The first ten days of the twelfth month of the lunar calendar, Thul-Hijjah, are among those special days as mentioned in the Qur’aan and the Sunnah.
1. Allah swore an oath by them in the Glorious Qur’aan:
“By the dawn and by the ten nights … ” [Al-Qur’aan 89:1-2]
Ibn Katheer noted that “the ten nights” referred to here are the ten days of Dhul-Hijjah according to the opinion of leading companions of the Prophet (pbuh) like, Ibn Abbaas and Ibn az-Zubair.
2. The Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him, also said:
“There are no deeds as excellent as those done in these ten days.” The companions asked, “Not even Jihaad?” He replied, “No, not even Jihaad; except for a man who goes forth endangering his life and wealth and does not return with anything.” [Sahih al-Bukhaari]
3. Allah also stated:
” … and remember the name of Allah in the appointed days.” [Al-Qur’aan 2:203]
Ibn Abbaas and Ibn Katheer both said this refers to the ten days of Thul-Hijjah.
Ibn Hajar said in his commentary on Saheeh Al-Bukhaari:
“The most apparent reason for the ten days of Thul-Hijjah being distinguished in excellence is due to the assembly of the greatest acts of worship in this period, i.e. salawaat (prayers), siyaam (fasting), sadaqah (charity) and the hajj (pilgrimage). This is the only period in which so many great deeds may be combined.”
4. Also remember that if one plans to sacrifice a ram for the Eed, he or she should neither cut or trim hair and toe and finger nails until the slaughter is done.
RECOMMENDED ACTS IN THESE DAYS
1. The Prayer – It is highly recommended to perform the obligatory prayers at their prescribed times and to increase one’s voluntary prayers as this is what brings people closer to their Lord. The Messenger of Allah, upon whom be peace, quoted Allah as saying:
“My servant will continue to become closer to Me by doing voluntary acts of worship until I love him or her…” [Reported by Muslim]
2. Fasting on the day of ‘Arafah – the Prophet, peace be upon him, said regarding fasting on the day of ‘Arafah:
“Be contented with the fact that Allah will erase your sins of the previous year and the coming year.” [Reported by Muslim]
However, it is not preferable for the pilgrims at ‘Arafah to fast, as the Prophet, peace be upon him, ate during his stay at ‘Arafah. Also, fasting for all ten days was not done by the Prophet (pbuh)and his companions, so it is not particularly preferable.
3. Frequently saying allaahu akbar; laa illaaha illallaah and alhamdulillaah – according to a narration of Ibn ‘Umar:
There are a number of ways of making takbeer that have been narrated from the companions and their followers. The following are three among them:
– Allaahu akbar, allaahu akbar, allaahu akbaru kabeeran.
– Allahu akbar, allahu akbar, laa ilaaha illallaah, wallaahu akbar, wallaahu akbar, wa lillaahil hamd.
– Allaahu akbar, allaahu akbar, allaahu akbar, laa ilaaha illallaah, wallaahu akbar, allaahu akbar wa lillaahil hamd.
Dr. Bilal Philips