Bilal Ibn Rabah

Bilal Ibn Rabah RA was the first announcer of the time of Muslim prayer and the troublemaker to the idols. He was one of the miracles of faith and truthfulness, one of Islam’s great miracles. For out of every ten Muslims, from the beginning of Islam until today and until Allah wills, we will meet seven, at least, who know Bilal. That is, there are hundreds of millions of people throughout the centuries and generations who know Bilal, remember his name, and know his role just as they know the two greatest Caliphs in Islam, Abu Bakr RA and Umar RA!

Before Islam, Bilal was no more than a slave who tended herds of camels for his master for a handful of dates. Had it not been for Islam, it would have been his fate to remain a slave, wandering among the crowd until death brought an end to his life and caused him to perish in the profoundest depths of forgetfulness.

However, his faith proved to be true, and the magnificence of the religion which he believed in gave him, during his lifetime and in history, an elevated place among the great and holy men of Islam. Indeed, many human beings of distinction, prestige, or wealth have not obtained even one-tenth of the immortality which Bilal the Abyssinian slave gained.

Indeed, the black colour of his complexion, his modest lineage, and his contemptible position among people as a slave did not deprive him, when he chose to embrace Islam, of occupying the high place which his truthfulness, certainty, purity, and self-sacrifice qualified him for. For him, all this would not have been on the scale of estimation and honour except as an astonishing occurrence when greatness is found where it could not possibly be.

The news of Muhammad’s SAW call began and reached his ears when people in Makkah began to talk about it and when he began listening to the discussions of his master and his guests, especially Umayah lbn Khalaf, one of the elders of the Bani Jumah, of which Bilal was one of the slaves. How often did he hear Urnayah talking to his friends for some time and to some persons of his tribe. Many times they talked about the Messenger with words that were overflowing with anxiety, rage, and malice!

Bilal, on the other hand, was receiving between those words of insane fury and rage the attributes of this new religion. He began to feel that they were new qualities for the environment which he lived in. He was also able to receive during their threatening, thunderous talks their acknowledgement of Muhammad’s nobility, truthfulness, and loyalty. Yes indeed, he heard them wondering and amazed at what Muhammad came with. They said to one another, ‘Muhammad was never a liar, magician, or mad, but we have to describe him this way until we turn away from him those who rush to his religion.’

He heard them talking about his honesty and loyalty, about his manliness and nobility, and about his purity and composure of his intelligence. He heard them whispering about the reasons which caused them to challenge and antagonize him: First, their allegiance to the religion of their fathers; Second, their fear over the glory of the Quraish which was bestowed upon them because of their religious status as a centre of idol worship and resort in the whole of the Arabian Peninsula; Third, the envy of the tribe of Bani Hashim that anyone from them should claim to be a prophet or messenger.

One day Bilal Ibn Rabah recognized the light of Allah and heard His resonance in the depths of his good soul. So he went to the Messenger of Allah and converted to Islam. It did not take long before the news of his embracing Islam was spread. It was a shock to the chiefs of the Bani Jumah, who were very proud and conceited. The devils of the earth sat couched over the breast of Umayah Ibn Khalaf, who considered the acceptance of Islam by one of their slaves a blow that overwhelmed them with shame and disgrace.

Bilal gave a profound lesson to those of his age and every age, for those of his religion and every religion, a lesson which embraced the idea that freedom and supremacy of conscience could not be bartered either for gold or punishment, even if it filled the earth. He was stripped naked and laid on hot coals to make him renounce his religion, but he refused.

The Messenger SAW and Islam made this Abyssinian slave a teacher to all humanity in the art of respecting conscience and defending its freedom and supremacy. His torturers used to take him out in the midday heat when the desert turned to a fatal hell. Then they would throw him naked on its scorching rocks and bring a burning hot rock, which took several men to lift from its place, and throw it onto his body and chest. This savage torture was repeated every day until the hearts of some of his executioners took pity on him. Finally, they agreed to set him free on condition that he would speak well of their gods, even with only one word that would allow them to keep their pride so that the Quraish would not say they had been defeated and humiliated by the resistance of their persevering slave.

But even this one word, which he could eject from outside his heart and with it buy his life and soul without losing his faith or abandoning his conviction, Bilal refused to say. Instead he began to repeat his lasting chant: ‘One… One!’ His torturers shouted at him, imploring him, ‘Mention the name of Al-Laat and Al-‘Uzza.’ But he answered, ‘One . . . One’ They said to him, ‘Say as we say.’ But he answered them with remarkable mockery and caustic irony, ‘Indeed my tongue is not good at that.’

Abu Bakr As-Siddiq went to them while they were torturing him and shouted at them, ‘Are you killing a man because he says, ‘Allah is my Lord?” Then he shouted at Umayah lbn Khalaf, ‘Take more than his price and set him free.’ It was as if Umayah were drowning and had caught a lifeboat. It was to his liking and he was very much pleased when he heard Abu Bakr offering the price of his freedom, since they had despaired of subjugating Bilal. And as they were merchants, they realized that selling him was more profitable to them than his death.

They sold him to Abu Bakr, and then he emancipated him immediately, and Bilal took his place among free men. When As-Siddiq put his arm round Bilal, rushing with him to freedom, Umayah said to him, ‘Take him, for by Al-Laat and Al-‘ Uzza if you had refused to buy him except for one ounce of gold, I would have sold him to you.’ Abu Bakr realized the bitterness of despair and disappointment hidden in these words. It was appropriate not to answer, but because they violated the dignity of this man who had become his brother and his equal, he answered Umayah saying, ‘By Allah, if you had refused to sell him except for a hundred ounces, I would have paid it.’ He departed with his companion to the Messenger of Allah, giving him news of his liberation, and there was a great celebration.

After the Hijrah of the Messenger SAW and the Muslims to Al-Medina and their settling there, the Messenger instituted the Adhaan. So who would become the muezzin five times a day? Who would call across distant lands, ‘Allah is the Greatest’ and ‘There is no god but Allah’?

It was Bilal, who had shouted thirteen years before while the torture was destroying him, ‘Allah is One… One.’ He was chosen by the Messenger that day to be the first muezzin in Islam. With his melodious soul-stirring voice, he filled the hearts with faith and the ears with awe when he called:

Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest I bear witness that there is no god but Allah I bear witness that there is no god but Allah I bear witness that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah I bear witness that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah Come to Prayer

Come to Prayer Come to Success Come to Success Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest There is no god but Allah

Fighting broke out between the Muslims and the army of the Quraish who came to invade Al- Medina. The war raged fiercely and terribly while Bilal was there attacking and moving about in the first battle. Islam was plunged into the Battle of Badr, whose motto the Messenger SAW ordered to be, ‘One… One.’

In this battle, the Quraish sacrificed their youth and all their noblemen to their destruction. Umayah Ibn Khalaf, who had been Bilal’s master and who used to torture him with deadly brutality, was about to retreat from fighting. But his friend Uqbah Ibn Abu Mu’it went to him when he heard the news of his withdrawal, carrying a censer in his right hand. When he arrived he was sitting among his people. He threw the censer between his hands and said to him, ‘O Abu ‘Ally, use this. You are one of the women.’ But Umayah shouted at him saying, ‘May Allah make you and what you came with ugly!’ And he did not find a way out, so he went out to fight.

What other secrets does destiny conceal and unfold? ‘Uqbah Ibn Abu Mu’it had been the greatest supporter of Umayah in the torture of Bilal and other weak Muslims. And on that day, he himself was the one who urged him to go to the Battle of Badr where he would die, just as it would be the place where Uqbah would die! Umayah had been one of the shirkers from war. Had it not been for what Uqbah did to him, he would not have gone out fighting.

But Allah executes His command. So let Umayah go out, because there was an old account between him and one of the slaves of Allah. It was time to settle it. The Judge never dies. As you owe, you shall be owed to.

Indeed destiny would be very much pleased to mock the tyrants. Uqbah, whose provocations Umayah used to listen to and follow his desire to torture the innocent believers, was the same person who would lead Umayah to his death. By the hand of Bilal himself and Bilal alone! The same hands that Umayah used to chain and whose owner he beat and tortured. Those very hands were on that day, in the Battle of Badr, on a rendezvous that destiny had set the best time for, with the torture of the Quraish who had humiliated the believers unjustly and aggressively. That is what really happened.

When the fighting began between the two sides, and the side of the Muslims shouted the motto, ‘One . . . One,’ the heart of Umayah was startled, and a warning came to him. The word which his slave used to repeat yesterday under torture and horror became today the motto of a whole religion and of a whole new nation.

The swords clashed in the battle and the fighting became severe. As the battle neared its end, Umayah lbn Khalaf noticed Abd Ar Rahman Ibn Awf, the Companion of the Messenger of Allah. He sought refuge with him and asked to be his captive, hoping to save his life. Abd Ar-Rahman accepted his supplication and granted him refuge. Then he took him and walked with him amidst the battle to the place where captives were held.

On the way Bilal noticed him and shouted, ‘The head of kuft (disbelief), Umayah lbn Khalaf! May I not be saved if he is saved!’ he lifted up his sword to cut off the head which was all the time full of pride and arrogance. But Abd Ar-Rahman Ibn Awf shouted at him, ‘O Bilal, he is my captive!’ A captive while the war was still raging? A captive while his sword was still dripping blood because of what he had been doing just moments before to the bodies of the Muslims? No! In Bilal’s opinion, this was irony and abuse of the mind, and Umayah had scoffed and abused the mind enough. He scoffed until there was no irony remaining for such a day, such a dilemma, and such a fate!

Bilal realized that he would not be able alone to storm the sanctuary of his brother in faith, Abd Ar-Rahman Ibn Awf. So he shouted at the top of his voice to the Muslims, ‘O helpers of Allah! The head of Kufr, Umayah Ibn Khalaf! May I not be saved if he is saved!’ A band of Muslims approached with swords dripping blood. They surrounded Umayah and his son, who was fighting with the Quraish. Abd Ar-Rahman Ibn Awf could not do anything. He could not even protect his armour which the crowd removed. Bilal gazed long at the body of Umayah, who fell beneath the smashing swords. Then he hastened away from him shouting, ‘One… One.’

The days went by and Makkah was conquered. The Messenger SAW entered it, thankful and saying, ‘Allah is the Greatest,’ at the head of 10,000 Muslims. He headed for the Ka’aba immediately, this holy place which the Quraish had crowded with idols amounting to the number of days of the year. ‘The truth has come and falsehood has vanished.’

Ever since that day, there has been no Uzza, no Laat and no Hubal. Man will not bow to a rock or idol after today. People will worship no one with all his conscience but Allah, Who has no likeness, the One, Most Great, Most High. The Messenger SAW entered the Kabah accompanied by Bilal. He had hardly entered it when he faced a carved idol representing Ibrahim AS prophesying with sticks.

The Messenger SAW was angry and said, ‘May Allah kill them. Our ancestor never did prophesy with sticks. Ibrahim was not a Jew or Christian, but he was a true Muslim and was never a polytheist.’ Then he ordered Bilal to ascend to the top of the mosque and call to Prayer, and Bilal called the Adhaan. How magnificent was the time, place, and occasion!

Life came to a standstill in Makkah, and thousands of Muslims stood like motionless air, repeating in submissiveness and whispering the words of the Adhaan after Bilal while the polytheists were in their homes hardly believing what was happening.

Bilal lived with the Messenger of Allah SAW, witnessing all the battles with him, calling to Prayer and observing the rites of this great religion that took him out of darkness to light and from servitude to freedom. The stature of Islam along with the stature of Muslims was elevated. Every day Bilal was getting closer to the heart of the Messenger of Allah, who used to describe him as ‘one of the inhabitants of Paradise.’

But Bilal remained just as he was, noble and humble, always considering himself ‘the Abyssinian who only yesterday was a slave.’ One day he was proposing to two girls for himself and his brother, so be said to their father, ‘ I am Bilal and this is my brother, two slaves from Abyssinia. We were astray and Allah guided us. We were two slaves and Allah emancipated us. If you agree on us marrying your daughters, all praise is to Allah; if you refuse, then Allah is the Greatest.’

The Messenger passed away to Allah, well pleased and well pleasing, and Abu Bakr As-Siddiq took the command of the Muslims after him. Bilal went to the caliph (successor) of the Messenger of Allah and said to him, ‘O Caliph of the Messenger of Allah, I heard the Messenger of Allah SAW say, ‘The best deed of a believer is jihad in the cause of Allah.’

Abu Bakr said to him, ‘So what do you want, Bilal?’ He said, ‘I want to defend in the cause of Allah until I die.’ Abu Bakr said, ‘And who will call the Adhaan for us?’ Bilal said, with his eyes overflowing with tears, ‘I will not call the Adhaan for anyone after the Messenger of Allah.’ Abu Bakr said, ‘Stay and call to Prayer for us, Bilal.’ Bilal said, ‘If you emancipated me to be for you, I will do what you want, but if you emancipated me for Allah, leave me to Whom I was emancipated for.’ Abu Bakr said, ‘I emancipated you for Allah, Bilal.’

The narrators differ. Some of them believe that he travelled and remained fighting and defending. Some others narrate that he accepted Abu Bakr’s request to stay with him in Medina. When Abu Bakr died and Umar succeeded him, Bilal asked his permission and went to Syria.

Anyhow, Bilal vowed the remaining part of his life to fight in the cause of Islam, determined to meet Allah and His Messenger having done the best deed they love.

His melodious, welcoming, awe-inspiring voice did not call the Adhaan anymore, because whenever he uttered in his Adhaan, ‘I bear witness that Muhammad SAW is the Messenger of Allah,’ memories would stir him, and his voice would vanish under his sadness while the tears cried out the words.

His last Adhaan was during the days Umar, the Commander of the Faithful, when he visited Syria. The Muslims entreated him to persuade Bilal to call one Adhaan for them. The Commander of the Faithful called Bilal when it was time for Prayer and pleaded with him to make the Adhaan. Bilal ascended and did so. The Companions of the Messenger of Allah SAW who were with the Commander of the Faithful while Bilal was calling the Adhaan wept as they never did before, and Umar the most strongly.

Bilal died in Syria, fighting in the cause of Allah just as he had wanted. Beneath the dust of Damascus, today there lies the body of one of the greatest men of humankind in standing up for the creed of Islam with conviction.

From: Hadithoftheday.com

Source: Khalid, Khalid Muhammad, Men Around the Messenger, Islamic Book Service, 2004

Umm Salamah Asma

Umm Salamah Asma bint Yazid bin Sakan Al-Ansariah

She was so brave that with the pole of her tent she killed nine Roman soldiers in the battle of Yarmook. Beside this her qualities are God fearing, Pious, wise, patient”. She is an Ansariah woman (Radhiallahu anha).

The Prophet (S.A.W) said: “Who participated in the Pledge of Rizwan will never go to Hell.” Asma bint Yazid (R.A) got the honor of participating in the Pledge of Rizwan.

Her statements were well considered; therefore she was always eloquent and convincing. Her phrases were in beautiful sequence like a string of pearls, and her tone was well modulated and sweet sounding.

On one occasion she appeared before the Prophet (S.A.W) as a representative, rather as an attorney to plead for the cause of women. She (R.A) addressed him very respectfully and said,

“Today I have come into your presence to plead the case of women. Allah sent you as His Prophet for all mankind men and women. We women also have had the privilege and honour of swearing allegiance to Allah and you.

We also follow your teachings and your sunnah. We women live within our houses and fulfill our duties. We are absorbed in looking after our husbands and fulfilling their needs. We see to the upbringing of our children and to the daily function of the household.

Men , however have more opportunities for earning rewards from Allah because they can do things which we, as women, cannot do. Men attend the congregational prayers in the mosques and special Friday prayers.

They participate in the special prayers for the dead; they also have the privilege of taking part in the Jihad. When they go for Jihad we are left at home to protect their property and look after the family.

Are we not also equally deserving of reward from Allah?”

The Prophet (S.A.W) was very moved and impressed by her eloquently presented and rational plea. He (S.A.W) turned around to his Companions and asked them if they had ever heard anyone else express a better question regarding religion.

Simultaneously they all answered that she was truly excellent. The Prophet (S.A.W) then turned around to the lady and answered her.

“Please go and tell the ladies whom you represent that by doing your duty by your husbands in a pleasant manner, keeping in mind what will make them happy, and following them faithfully, you will please greatly Allah and He will give you the same rewards as have been promised to men.

She was so happy on hearing this good news that she (Radhiallahu anha) rose from the meeting, reciting the words- La ilaha illallah, Allahu-Akbar. She (Radhiallahu anha) rushed to give her friends the good news she had just received from Allah’s Messenger

She (R.A) narrated that once she was sitting with her friends when the Prophet (S.A.W) passed by. When he saw them he addressed them, saying:

They should not be ungrateful to their benefactors. Since she was bolder than the rest of her friends she asked him to be more specific and clarify what he meant by his statement.

He said,

“A Woman lives with her parents, then she gets married and Allah blesses her with children. At times when she gets annoyed with her husband she says that she never got any happiness in his house. This is a display of sheer ingratitude to her husband. Every Muslim woman should try to avoid saying such things.’

Umm Salma Asma bint Yazid Ansariah (R.A) narrates that when the Prophet (S.A.W) got married to Aisha (R.A) she was the one who helped to get the bride ready. When the Prophet (S.A.W) arrived she offered him a glass of milk.

He had some of it and then gave the rest to Aisha(R.A) she was feeling very shy and did not take the glass. So Umm salamah (R.A) told her. “This was a golden opportunity which did not come everyday; she should accept it and not feel bashful.

Aisha (R.A) narrated that she was so nervous and shy that her hands were trembling. She took the glass and started drinking the milk.

The Prophet (S.A.W) told her to give some to her friends as well as to the other ladies who were present. All of them started laughing and said that they had no desire to have the milk.

He (S.A.W) Joked with them saying that lies and hunger should not be joined together.

Umm Salamah Asma bint Yazid (R.A) narrated that in the lifetime of the Prophet (S.A.W) she was divorced. There was no precedent for the Iddat of a divorced woman before this. When she got divorced the following Verse of the Noble Qur’an was revealed:

“And divorced women shall wait for three menstrual periods” “2:228”

In the matter of knowledge and learning Umm Salamah Asma (R.A) occupied a very high position. Among the women Companions her position was after that of the Mother of the believers ‘Aisha (R.A) and the Mother of the Believer Umm salamah (Radhiallahu anha).

There are eighty-one Ahadith associated with her name. One of the Ahadith narrated by her says:

“The prophet (S.A.W) said verily, Allah forgives all the sins and it does not bother Him.’

Umm Salamah Asma bint Yazid was a very patient person and thankful to her Lord under all circumstances. During the Battle of Uhud her father, Yazid bin sakan, her brother,’Amer bin Yazid bin Sakan, and her uncle, Ziyad bin Sakan were all martyred.

When she was told about it, she asked for news about the Prophet (S.A.W). After she herself saw him arriving, she thanked Allah, and said:

“As long as he was all right and well, all other troubles faded into insignificance, and the greatest of difficulties were of minor consequence.”

In short, looking at the various events of her life, one realizes her greatness. The food she served in the Battle of Uhud became the occasion of one of the miracles of the Prophet(S.A.W) She had the distinction and pride of being a member at the signing of the Peace Treaty of Hudaibiyah.

She was among the Companions of the Tree at the Bai’t Ridhwan. She took part in the Battle of Khaiber. At the Battle of Yarmouk she killed nine enemy soldiers with just the pole of her tent. At the Battle of Uhud she was given the good news of eternal life in the Hereafter in Paradise for the tribe Banu ‘Abdul-Ashahal. Among those martyred was her father as well.

About these people, the Prophet(S.A.W) had said that the whole family had met together in Paradise, and intercession was accepted for all of them. In the light of this statement it can be said that she also would go to Paradise.

She lived to old age, and died during the caliphate of Yazid bin Mu’awiyah. She had moved to Damascus in the latter part of her life. It was there that she (Radhiallahu anha) died. She (Radhiallahu anha) was buried near the Saghir Gate of Damascus.

Allah will be pleased with them and they with Him.

Al-Rabi’ Bint Ma’uwth

I want to introduce this great lady by recalling an incident from the Battle of Badr, so we can learn how great she is. Abdul Rahman ibn Auf was standing in the field of Badr when a young boy came to him and asked him in a whisper where is Abu Jahl. Before Abdul Rahman could answer the young boy, his brother came running and asked Abdul Rahman the same question. The young boys told Abdul Rahman they heard that Abu Jahl always cursed the prophet SAW, so the boys were determined to reach one of two endings; either chop off Abu Jahl’s head or be martyred themselves.

As this discussion was taking place, Abu Jahl passed by riding in pride and glory. So Abdul Rahman pointed him out to the boys and said: This is your prey. Both boys instantly ran towards Abu Jahl and attacked him. We all know that those young boys were the ones who killed Abu Jahl, but how many know the great lady who raised them; their mother?

She is Al-Rabi’ bint Ma’uwth. The lady who used to serve the prophet SAW favorite dishes when he visited her house. She is the lady who had the honor to receive gold and silver ornaments as a gift from the prophet SAW, which he had received from Bahrain. She is the lady who used to pour water for the prophet SAW so that he makes ablution, and then had the honor to narrate it to us in detail.

She is the lady who used to pour water for the prophet SAW so that he makes ablution, & then had the honor to narrate it to us in detail. Al-Rabi’ was among the congregation which swore the allegiance known as Bai’at Al-Ridwan in the 6th year of Hijrah. Hence, she is among those the prophet SAW gave the glad tidings of Paradise when he later on said “Whosoever participated in the Pledge of Al-Ridwan are the holders of Paradise” [authentic].

Rabi’ah bint Ma’uwth(RA) was a woman of mature understanding, farsighted and quick-witted. One day Abu Rabee’ah’s wife, Umm Ayash came to her door selling perfumes. In the course of conversation she said she will not sell any perfumes to her because she was the daughter of the man who killed the leader of her tribe. Rabi’ah was enraged and asked the woman to get out of her house, her perfume was worse than any stink. She shouted to her to get out of her sight.

Later in life, during the caliphate of Uthman bin Affan(RA) Rabi’ Bint ma’uwth and her husband developed some differences. She asked him to take everything she had and give her khula(the release from the marriage tie obtained by a wife upon the return of the dowry) as she did not want to remain his wife any longer. He agreed and left taking everything with him. It is said he did not leave even a sheet in the house. When the complaint went to Uthman bin Affan(RA) he said nothing could be done as he was withing his rights according to the shar’iah.

People of Modern times who talk so loudly about women’s liberation and women’s rights should remember this law of Islam. If a woman just can’t tolerate life with her husband she can demand separation or divorce. She can settle the matter through mutual agreement or go to a court of law. Only in this case, in the language of the Shari’ah it called Khula’ and not Talaq or divorce. Just as a man has the right to Talaq, a woman has the right to khula’. These two possibilities are there for both partners in a marriage to ease the tension caused by conflicts in family life. Separation, it is said in the Noble Qur’an is not the ideal way but it is permitted. It is the least desirable yet best possible way under the worst marital circumstances. If this escape route had not been there, both partners would live life as if it were a war. And that is not the best environment, either for them or their children. Thus, such rules of the Shari’ah( Islamic Legislation) are a blessing for the problems of everyday society. ( Whole paragraph copied as exact as possible From Great women of Islam chapter of Rabee’ Bint Ma’uwth)

Finally, there are 21 hadiths related to Al-Rabi bint Ma’uth, where some of the most famous followers have narrated her words.

After a long and eventful life, Al-Rabi passed away in the 45th year of Hjrah during the caliphate of Muawiyah.

May Allah be pleased with Al-Rabi bint Ma’uwth.

Juwairiah Bint Al-Harith

Having learnt about the notorious mobilization of Banu Al-Mustaliq, the Messenger of Allaah (SAW) dispatched Buraydhah bin Al-Husayb Al-Aslami (RA) to verify the reports, and he told Banu Al-Mustaliq that he wanted to support them. He stayed with them until he verified their intention, then returned and told the Messenger of Allaah (SAW) and informed him about that.

On a Monday two nights of the month of Sha’baan, in the 5th year AH., the Messenger of Allaah (SAW) left Madeenah along with 700 fighters and thirty horses and moved towards Banu Al-Mustaliq. Banu Al-Mustaliq had been informed about Islam and invited to embrace it. They had also joined the polytheists in the Battle of Uhud. They were mobilizing allies to fight the Muslims. The Messenger of Allaah (SAW) attacked them while they were heedless and their cattle were watering. He killed their fighters and captured their children. Juwayriyya bint Al-Haarith (RA) was among the captives. [Al-Bukhaari and Muslim]

The Marriage of the Messenger of Allaah (SAW) to Juwayriyya bint Al-Haarith, (RA)

The Messenger of Allaah (SAW) distributed the captive women of Banu Al-Mustaliq. Juwayriyya bint Al-Haarith (RA) was among the captives and she was a blessing for her people. Let us know about her story from ‘Aa’ishah (RA). It was narrated that she said, “When the Messenger of Allaah (SAW) distributed the captive women of Banu Al-Mustaliq, Juwayriyya bint Al-Haarith belonged to the share of Thaabit bin Qays bin Shammaas or one of his cousins. She held a manumission contract with him. She was a beautiful and attractive woman. Anyone who saw her admired her. She came to the Messenger of Allaah (SAW) in order to help her in paying her manumission.”

‘Aa’ishah (RA) continued; She entered to see the Messenger of Allaah (SAW) and said “O Messenger of Allaah, I am Juwayriyya bint Al-Haarith bin Abi Dhiraar, the chief of his people. I have been afflicted with an adversity that you know [i.e. that she had become a slave woman after she was a free woman and the first lady of her people]. I belong to the share of Thaabit bin Qays bin Shammaas, or a cousin of his, and I hold a manumission contract with him. Here I am seeking your help for the manumission.” The Messenger of Allaah (SAW) said: “Would you want what is better than this?” She said, “What is that, O Messenger of Allaah?” He replied: “I shall pay your manumission and marry you.” She agreed, and then the news spread among people.

Thereupon, the Muslims released all Banu Al-Mustaliq’s captives as they had become relatives through the marriage of the Messenger of Allaah (SAW). ‘Aa’ishah (RA) said, “The marriage of the Messenger of Allaah (SAW) to Juwayriyya (RA) was the cause of the setting free of one hundred families of the Banu Al-Mustaliq. I do not know of a woman who was greater in blessing to her people than she was. Following the incident, Al-Haarith bin Abi Dhiraar, Juwayriyya’s father, came to Madeenah with the ransom of his daughter. The Messenger of Allaah (SAW) invited him to embrace Islam, and he did.”

The Battle of Al-Muraysee’ is considered one of the unique and blessed Battles in Islam. Following that Battle, a whole tribe embraced Islam. The reason behind their conversion to Islam was that the Companions (RA) freed and returned the captives that were their shares of the booties. They hated to enslave the relatives of the Messenger of Allaah (SAW). Due to that communal emancipation and unique generosity, the whole tribe embraced Islam.

The far reaching cause of this historical event was the love that the Companions (RA) had for the Messenger of Allaah (SAW) honoring him and exalting his great personality. As such, love of the Prophet (SAW) gives these fine fruits and produces such unique incidents in history.

There were far reaching aims behind the marriage of the Prophet (SAW) to Juwayriyya bint Al-Haarith (RA) and these aims were achieved when her people embraced Islam. The conversion of her people to Islam was one of the goals behind that marriage. In this way the number of Muslims increased, and Islam became more exalted; thus the hopes behind that marriage were achieved. Allaah The Exalted facilitated the marriage, blessed it and realized the goal behind it, as Juwayriyya (RA) as well as her father embraced Islam, and then the whole tribe embraced Islam as well. This marriage resulted in blessing and power for Muslims as well as the material and moral support altogether for Islam and the Muslims.

Juwayriyya bint Al-Haarith (RA) became a wife of the Messenger (SAW) and one of the Mothers of the Believers. She would learn well what she would hear of the teachings of Islam and would act according to what she learned. She was well-versed in Fiqh (jurisprudence), a sincere worshipper, pious and God-conscious. She enjoyed a pure heart, illuminated reason, and a shining spirit. She loved Allaah The Almighty and His Messenger (SAW) and wished the best for all Muslims.

She narrated some of the Hadeeths of the Messenger of Allaah (SAW) and conveyed some of the facts of religion which were revealed to the Messenger of Allaah (SAW). Prominent scholars from among the Companions (RA) narrated these Hadeeths on her authority and spread them among the Muslim community in order for those Hadeeths to be known and applied, and among the general human community as a part of Da’wah (propagation) and guidance.

Ibn ‘Abbaas (RA) ‘Ubayd bin As-Sabbaaq and Kurayb (the slave of Ibn ‘Abbaas), Mujaahid and Abu Ayyoob (Yahya bin Maalik Al-Azdi) narrated some Hadeeths on the authority of Juwayriyya (RA). In his collection of Hadeeths, Baqiyy bin Makhlad narrated seven Hadeeths on her authority; four of these Hadeeths are reported by Al-Bukhaari, Muslim, Abu Daawood, At-Tirmithi, An-Nasaa’i and Ibn Maajah. Al-Bukhaari (rh) narrated one Hadeeth on her authority, and Muslim (rh) narrated two.

Her Hadeeths discussed the topics of disallowing fasting on Friday in particular; the reward for glorifying and supplicating to Allaah The Almighty, the permission of giving a gift to the Messenger of Allaah (SAW) even if its owner had obtained it through charity, and the emancipation of slaves. With these seven noble Hadeeths, Juwayriyya bint Al-Haarith (RA) eternalized her name in the world of Hadeeth narration to add to the honor of accompanying the Prophet (SAW) and being one of the Mothers of the Believers, the honor of conveying as much as she could of the guidance of the Messenger of Allaah (SAW).

The Mother of the Believers, Juwayriyya bint Al-Haarith (RA) was one of those who is described in the Qur’an as being (what means) [and the men who remember Allaah often and the women who do so.] [Qur’an 33:35] She was obedient to Allaah The Almighty, and persevering in entreating Allaah The Almighty, praising Him, exalting Him and glorifying Him.

About this she said The Prophet (SAW) left my place for the morning prayer while I was sat [mentioning Allaah] at my place of prayer and returned while I was in the same position. The Prophet (SAW) said to me: “You have been in the same place since I left you.” I said, “Yes.” Thereupon he said: “I recited four statements three times after I left you, and if these were to be weighed against what you have recited during the time you have sat here then they would outweigh them: ‘Subhaanallaahi wa-bihamdihi, ‘adada khalqihi, wa-ridha-Nafsihi, wa-zinata ‘Arshihi, wa-midaada kalimaatihi [Glorified be Allaah and praise be to Him as many times as the number of His creatures; as much as would please His Self, (as much as would) equal the weight of His Throne and (as much as) the ink to write His words.]'” [Muslim]

She died in the year 50 or 56 A.H – (RA).

Faree’ah bint Malik

She was the daughter of the great Companion, Malik bin Sinan bin ‘Obaid Ansari Khudri. It was about him that the Prophet(S.A.W) said:

“Whosoever wants to see a person of Paradise, then they should look at her.” Her brother was Abu Sa’eed Khudri, the Mufti (scholar) of the Grand Mosque at Al-Madinah. He was an extremely learned man, and an authority on Hadith.

He was also a Mujahid and General of the Muslim army and had been a ruler of a province. One thousand one hundred and seventy Ahadith are attributed to him. Another brother from her mother’s side was a General too. He was

Qatadah bin Nu’man Ansari, who had taken part in the battles of Badr and Uhud.

On one occasion his eye was injured by the enemy and came out of its socket. When the Prophet(S.A.W) saw this he thrust it back with his hand; it went back to its original position and his vision became sharper than before. The father of Faree’ah bint Malik, Malik bin Sinan bin ‘Obaid Ansari Khudri, was one of the greatest and foremost Companions, and a personality who, the

Prophet(S.A.W) said, was of Paradise. He could not take part in the Battle of Badr, but in Uhud he was martyred defending the life of the Prophet(S.A.W). When he went

to the Prophet(S.A.W) to volunteer for the Battle of Uhud he was accompanied by his

son, Sa’d.

Faree’ah bint Malik was married to Sahl bin Rafi’ bin Bashir Khazraji. He was killed by some of his slaves near Al-Madinah. This tragedy left her

grief-stricken. After the murder of her husband she wanted to go back to her parents’ house. She consulted the Prophet(S.A.W) as to what course of action was permitted by the Shari’ah, and if she could do so. He said that she should continue to stay in her house till she completed the prescribed waiting period. It should be noted that when a woman’s husband dies she should

observe a period of mourning for four months and ten days.

Faree’ah bint Malik says that she obeyed the Prophet(S.A.W) and stayed in her house for the

prescribed period, and after that she devoted her full life to the service and propagation of Islam. She was one of those who took part in the Bai’at

Ridhwnn. Faree’ah bint Malik had a very good memory. If she heard the command of the

Prophet(S.A.W) even once, she would immediately learn it and retain it in her

memory. In their study of traditions and Ahadith, many great scholars would approach her for authentication or reference. Especially in the matter of observance of ‘Iddat; she has the distinction of being the predominant authority regarding the rules to be observed.

One thousand four hundred people went to perform ‘Umrah in the year 6th after Hijrah and were stopped by the Quraish at Hudaibiah. They gathered under a tree to swear allegiance to Allah and His Messenger. They also swore to take

revenge for the death of their emissary, ‘Uthman bin ‘Affan, who was sent by the Prophet(S.A.W) to Makkah to negotiate with the enemy. Rumour had it that he was killed by the Quraish. The ardour and spirit of sacrifice of these people appealed so much to Allah that He promised Paradise for all of them.

It was an honour of which they could be truly jubilant and proud. Surely such a promise is given to only the very fortunate, and Faree’ah bint Malik

was one of them.

Allah will be pleased with them and they with Him.

Maimoonah bint Harith Al-Hilalaih

Abu Hurairah and Abdullah Ibn Abbas (RA) narrated that the original name of Maimoonah (RA) was Barah, and was changed by the Prophet(SAW). Her father was Harith bin Hazan, and he belonged to the tribe of Banu Halal. Her mother’s name was Hind bint Auf. Umm Al-Fadhal Lababah Kubra and Lababah Sughra, Asma’ and Uzzah were here sisters.

Umm Al-Fadhal Lababah Kubra was married to Abbas bin Abdul Muttalib and she had the honor of being the second lady to accept Islam after Khadija. Lababah Sugrah married Walid bin Mughaira; their son was Khalid bin Waleed on of the greatest generals of Islam. Asma bint Harith married Ubay bin Khalaf and Uzzah married Ziyad bin Abdullah bin Malik. Asma bint Omais, Salama bint Omais, Salama bint Omais were her sisters from her mothers side.

Asma’ bint Omais was first married to Ja’far bin Abi Talib (RA). She had three sons by him – Abdullah, Awn and Muhammad. When he was martyred she married Abu Bakr Siddique(RA). She bore him a son, Muhammad bin Abi Bakr. When Abu Bakr Siddique(RA) died, she married for a third time. Her third husband was Ali bin Abi Talib, and they had a son named Yahya. Salamah bint Omais married Hamzah bin Abdul Muttalib. And her third sister Salama bint Omais married Abdullah bin Ka’b.

Thus Hind bint Auf had the unique distinction of being the only woman who was the mother-in-law of the Prophet(SAW), the first Caliph Abu Bakr Siddique, Hamzah bin Abdul Muttalib, Ja’far bin Abi Talib and Ali bin Abi Talib (RA).

One of her grandsons was Abdullah bin Abbas who was the greatest standard bearer of the Muslim army. He was a learned commentator on the Noble Qur’an and well versed in Hadith and Fiqh. Another grandson was the greatest General Mentioned above, Lababah Sughra’s son Khalid bin Waleed. So Maimoonah(RA) came from a very illustrious family of martyrs, warriors and intellectuals.

She was first married to Mas’ood bin Amir bin Omair Thaqafi, but they soon separated on grounds of incompatibility. Her second husband was Abu Raham bin Abdul Uzzah Amir Quraishi. He died shortly after their marriage and Maimoonah (RA) was widowed at a very early age.

In the 7th year after Hijrah the Prophet(SAW) went with his companions to Makkah to perform Umrah. It is said that Maimoonah(RA) wished to marry him and become on the honorable Mothers of the Believers. Soon this wish became an absorbing desire. She even mentioned it to her sisters.

She felt her tribe, Banu Hilal should also be connected to the Prophet (SAW) in the same way the other tribes were connected by marriage. Lababah Kubra who was married to Abbas bin Abdul Muttalib mentioned her sisters wish to her husband, saying that since he was the uncle and very highly respected by the prophet(SAW), if he requested him, her sisters wish could be fulfilled.

When Abbas spoke to the prophet(SAW) he requested Ja’far bin Abi Talib to make the arrangements for the marriage. The prophet(SAW) had finished his Umrah and was free, and Maimoonah was on a camel. When she saw him she involuntarily exclaimed that the camel and its rider were bequeathed to Allah’s messenger. Thus she gifted herself to the Prophet(SAW) and he accepted her very gracefully.

But a more popular tradition says that when he arrived in Makkah for his Umrah he sent Ja’far bin Abi Talib with his proposal of marriage to Maimoonah. She asked her brother-in-law, Abbas bin Abdul Muttalib to handle matters. When the prophet(SAW) finished his Umrah Abbas arranged the ceremony.

Allah Said,

“ O Prophet! Verily, We have made lawful to you your wives, to whom you have paid their Mahr, and those(slaves) whom your right hand possesses-whom Allah has given to you, and the daughters of your paternal uncles and the daughters of your paternal aunts and the daughters of your maternal uncles and the daughters of your maternal aunts who migrated with you, and a believing woman if she offers herself to the Prophet, and the Prophet wishes to marry her, a privilege for you only, not for (the rest) of the believers. Indeed We know what We have enjoined upon them about their wives and those whom their right hands possess, in order that there should be no difficulty on you. And Allah is Ever Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” (33:50)

After his Umrah the Prophet(SAW) stayed in Makkah for three days. Then, on the forth morning Hawaitab bin Abdul Uzza came with some of the polytheists and told him that since he had finished his Umrah, he ought to leave, according to the terms of the Treaty of Hudaibah. The Prophet(SAW) requested that they be allowed to stay for a few more days, and he invited them to attend the dinner he had arranged to celebrate the marriage. Hawaitab answered that they were not interested in any dinner; they just wanted him to go.

The Prophet(SAW) left and pitched camp at a place called Saraf, about nine miles from Makkah, and here he celebrated the marriage. His slave, Abu Rafi brought Maimoonah on a a camel to Saraf. It was here that her name was changed from Barah to Maimoonah(RA). Both had completed the rites of Umrah; they changed their garments of Ihram and the marriage could take place according to Shari’ah.

Maimoonah(RA) was the last lady that Muhammad(SAW) married. She was 26years old at the time. When they reached Al-Madinah an apartment, which was built next to the Prophet’s mosque, was given to her. The other wives of the Prophet(SAW) warmly welcomed her. She used to pray in the Prophet’s mosque because she heard him saying that one prayer in it was the equivalent to a thousand prayers in all other mosques, except Masjid Haram at Makkah. One prayer in Masjid Haram was equal to a hundred thousand prayers in any other mosque.

One year several delegations came to Al-Madina; one of them was from the tribe Banu Halal. One of the members of this delegation was the son of the sister of Maimoonah, Ziyad bin Abdullah bin Malik Amri. He visited his aunt in her apartment when the Prophet(SAW) happened to be out on some task. When he came and saw a stranger seated with her he was not pleased. Maimoonah (RA) sensitive as she was, sensed his displeasure and immediately introduced him as her sister’s son and a member of the visiting delegation. He expressed his pleasure and prayed for Allah Almighty’s blessings for him.

Maimoonah (RA) was valued highly for her traits like God-Fearing and nurturing good relations with all members of the family. And this tribute was paid to her by Aisha(RA) when she passed away by saying ‘By Allah! Maimoonah (RA) has passed away, she was the most Allah-Fearing and nurtured the ties of kinship.’

Maimoonah had an excellent memory, and knew by heart many of the Ahadith – 2210 attributed to Aisha(RA). Next came Umm Salamah with 378 Ahadith. Next came Maimoonah(RA) 76 Ahadith were attributed to her.

In Sahih Al-Bukhari a Hadith is narrated from Abdullah bin Abbas (RA) and attributed to Maimoonah(RA). Someone asked the Prophet(SAW) regarding a mouse that had fallen into some clarified butter. He said the mouse and what surrounds it should be thrown out and the rest could be eaten.

Musnad Abu Ya’la, Muslim, Abu Dawood and Nisa’i have quoted another Hadith from Maimoonah(RA). This was narrated by the wife of Abdullah bin Abbas(RA).

One morning the Prophet(SAW) looked very worried and he seemed to be in the same mood in the evening. The next day the same mood continued. Maimoonah(RA) asked him what was troubling him. He said the Angel Jibril(AS) promised to come and visit him, but he had not turned up. Such a thing never happened before.

Then the family noticed there was a puppy sitting under a bed. he was chased out and that part of the floor was washed on the directions of the Prophet(SAW). Soon after that the Angel Jibril (AS) came. Then the Prophet(SAW) asked him why he had not come earlier as promised, and he said that this had never happened before. Then the Angel told him that angels do not enter places where there are dogs or pictures.

Maimoonah sometimes used to take loans, Once a member of her family remarked on this and asked her why she did this. She did not quite like this question and replied that the Prophet(SAW) used to say if a Muslim borrowed money and he sincerely believed that Allah(SWT) would help him to repay the loan, then Allah would surely arrange things in an unexpected manner.

Aisha relates that the last fatal illness of the Prophet(SAW) started while he was in the apartment of Maimoonah. He asked permission of his other wives to spend those days in the apartment of Aisha(RA). They all readily agreed. When he passed away he was pleased with all his wives. When his pure soul left his body he was in the apartment of his favorite wife Aisha(RA) resting his head in her lap. And he was buried in his favorite place, her apartment. Nine of his wives were alive at the time. They were Aisha, Maimoonah, Safiyyah, Juveriah, Saudah, Zainab, Ramlah, Hind and Hafsah(RA)

It was during the caliphate of Mu’awiyah, in the year 51st after Hijrah, that Maimoonah died. She was in Makkah and she fell ill there. She was very restless and wanted to be taken some place else. Her relatives took her to Saraf, the same place where she had got married to the Prophet(SAW). After reaching the exact spot where she spent her wedding night, she passed away. Abdullah bin Abbas(RA) conducted the funeral prayers, and she was buried with great honor.

“O the one in (complete) rest and satisfaction! Come back to your Lord – well pleased and well pleasing. Enter you then among My (honored) servants, and enter you My Paradise.” (89:30)

From: Great Women Of Islam

Safiyyah bint Huyay Ibn Akhtab

The circumstances surrounding how Safiyyah (may Allah be pleased with her) became one of the Mothers of the Faithful is of great significance and strongly related to the historical progress of the Dawah of Islaam. Therefore, we will cover and elaborate on these circumstances along the way.

Her father Huyay ibn Akhtab was one of the most malicious, treacherous and dangerous Jewish leaders of his time towards Islaam and the Muslims. This was very dangerous for the Muslims as he was the leader of Banoo Nadheer, one of the largest of the three Jewish tribes living in Madeenah at that time. The other two major tribes were Banoo Qaynuqaa’ and Banoo Quraydhah.

When the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) came to Madeenah, he began organizing the new Muslim society and had to enter into pacts and treaties with different Jewish clans. But it was not long before they broke their treaties. Banoo Qaynuqaa’ were the first to act treacherously, followed by the Banoo Nadheer.

One day the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) came to them with a group of his Companions seeking to pay the blood­money (diyah) of two people who were killed mistakenly. He did so because of the alliance that was between them. Outwardly, they welcomed him and even stood up with pretentious respect. Their leader, Huyay ibn Akhtab then inconspicuously suggested to them that they should seize this excellent opportunity to kill the Prophet (peace be upon him), as the Prophet did not have many of his Companions with him. Most of them agreed to his suggestion and began to plot the Prophet’s assassination. It was then that Angel Gabriel came to the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) and informed him of what was being planned against him. The Prophet (peace be upon him) stood up and then quietly left.

As a punishment for their treacherous act, the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) commanded the Jews of Banoo Nadheer to evacuate Madeenah and then gave them a specific period of time to do so. They refused to leave and instead fortified themselves within their forts. The leader of the hypocrites in Madeenah, ‘Abdullah ibn Ubayy ibn Salool, supported them and promised to help the Jews against the Prophet and his Companions.

When the period of grace expired, the army of Islaam besieged them and the hypocrite Ibn Salool disappointed the Jews and let them down. Due to their treachery, the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) had to force them to evacuate Madeenah.

Allah Almighty says, “He it is Who drove out the disbelievers among the people of the Scripture (i.e. the Jews of the tribe of Banoo an-Nadheer) from their homes at the first gathering. You did not think that they would get out. And they thought that their fortresses would defend them from Allah! But Allah’s (torment) reached them from a place where of they expected it not, and He cast terror into their hearts, so that they destroyed their own dwellings with their own hands and the hands of the believers. Then take admonition, O you with eyes (to see). And had it not been that Allah had decreed exile for them, He would certainly have punished them in this world, and in the Hereafter theirs shall be the torment of the Fire.” (Qur’aan, 59: 2-3)

Thus they left the city of Khaybar despised, detested and hated for their treachery towards the Noble and sincere Prophet of Allah. From here it was that Huyay ibn Akhtab began spreading openly his malicious propaganda against the Muslims. He began arousing, inciting and instigating the polytheists anger against the Prophet (sallallahu ‘alyhi wa sallam) by shuttling between Khaybar, Makkah and Madeenah. These efforts of Huyay brought about the Battle of the Confederates, otherwise known as the Battle of the Trench. This was followed by the Battle with the Banu Quraydhah, as they had allied themselves with the polytheists and also broken the treaties they had made to the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alyhi wa sallam).

The presence of Huyay ibn Akhtab in the midst of Banu Quraydhah was coincidentally in time with when the Muslims were at war against them. He was thus killed alongside the fighters after Sa’d ibn Mu’adh passed the judgment that they should be killed. They themselves appointed Sa’d as the arbitrator between themselves and the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alyhi wa sallam) hoping that he (Sa’d) would be lenient towards them because he was their former ally but he passed a judgement against them. The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alyhi wa sallam) then said to Sa’d (may Allah be pleased with him), “You have indeed judged concerning them with the judgment of Allah from above the seven heavens.”

Khaybar was punishment for their treacherous act, the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) commanded the Jews of Banoo Nadheer to evacuate Madeenah and then gave them a specific period of time to do so. They refused to leave and instead fortified themselves within their forts. The leader of the hypocrites in Madeenah, ‘Abdullah ibn Ubayy ibn Salool, supported them and promised to help the Jews against the Prophet and his Companions.

When the period of grace expired, the army of Islaam besieged them and the hypocrite Ibn Salool disappointed the Jews and let them down. Due to their treachery, the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) had to force them to evacuate Madeenah.

Allah Almighty says, “He it is Who drove out the disbelievers among the people of the Scripture (i.e. the Jews of the tribe of Banoo an-Nadheer) from their homes at the first gathering. You did not think that they would get out. And they thought that their fortresses would defend them from Allah! But Allah’s (torment) reached them from a place whereof they expected it not, and He cast terror into their hearts, so that they destroyed their own dwellings with their own hands and the hands of the believers. Then take admonition, O you with eyes (to see). And had it not been that Allah had decreed exile for them, He would certainly have punished them in this world, and in the Hereafter theirs shall be the torment of the Fire.” (Qur’aan, 59: 2-3)

Thus they left the city of Khaybar despised, detested and hated for their treachery towards the Noble and sincere Prophet of Allah. From here it was that Huyay ibn Akhtab began spreading openly his malicious propaganda against the Muslims. He began arousing, inciting and instigating the polytheists anger against the Prophet (sallallahu ‘alyhi wa sallam) by shuttling between Khaybar, Makkah and Madeenah. These efforts of Huyay brought about the Battle of the Confederates, otherwise known as the Battle of the Trench. This was followed by the Battle with the Banu Quraydhah, as they had allied themselves with the polytheists and also broken the treaties they had made to the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alyhi wa sallam).

The presence of Huyay ibn Akhtab in the midst of Banu Quraydhah was coincidentally in time with when the Muslims were at war against them. He was this killed alongside the fighters afer Sa’d ibn Mu’adh passed the judgment that they should be killed. They themselves appointed Sa’d as the arbitrator between themselves and the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alyhi wa sallam) hoping that he (Sa’d) would be lenient towards them because he was their former ally but he passed a judgement against them. The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alyhi wa sallam) then said to Sa’d (may Allah be pleased with him), “You have indeed judged concerning them with the judgment of Allah from above the seven heavens.”

As the wife of the Prophet (peace be upon him), Safiyah played an important role in the personal life of the Prophet (sallallahu ‘alyhi wa sallam) and in the course of his calling people to Islaam. We can therefore derive important lessons from her biography, some of which are:

One: When the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) commanded Bilaal to bring her, he brought her in the company of a female cousin of hers. Bilal made them pass by the killed Jews. When her cousin saw the dead she struck her face, screamed and heaped soil on her head. The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) heard her and said, “Keep this female devil away from me.” He then rebuked Bilal (may Allah be pleased with him), “Was mercy removed from your heart that you make the women pass by their killed people?” He said this because indeed he was the Prophet of mercy. You will never find his equal among men, even until Allah inherits the earth and all that is in it.

Two: When the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) saw Safiyah’s (may Allah be pleased with her) eyes and that they were green (i.e. bruised), he asked her why this was so, to which she responded,

“When I was the wife of Kinanah ibn Abi al-Huqayq, I saw the sun (in a dream and it was) as if it had descended on my chest. I told my husband and he slapped me very hard and said, ‘Are you wishing to be the wife of the king of the Arabs?'”

This should remind us of Prophet Yoosuf’s dream when he (peace be upon him) said: “Verily, I saw [in a dream] eleven stars and the sun and the moon – I saw them prostrating themselves to me.” (Qur’aan, 12: 4)

This confirms what the Jews used to discuss within their secluded assemblies regarding the Prophethood of Muhammad (peace be upon him), and that many of them knew about the truth of his message. The story of their Rabbi ‘Abdullah ibn Salaam embracing Islaam is a clear example of this.

Also, the symbolic fall of the sun onto our Mother Safiyah’s (may Allah be pleased with her) chest has its own indications. For, she has yearning in her heart which was full of Eemaan for the Messenger of Allah, Muhammad (peace be upon him). She was not coerced into this marriage, as some may mistakenly or ignorantly presume. Certainly, the life of Safiyah during the life of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and even after his death confirms the great love and affection she had for him and her deep faith in Allah Almighty and the Messengership of his Prophet (peace be upon him).

The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) did not leave Khaybar until Safiyah had finished menstruating. He placed her behind him on a mount and when he arrived at a place six miles away from Khaybar he wanted to consummate their marriage. She refused, and this annoyed him as she herself had chosen to be his wife without being coerced or forced into taking this decision. When he arrived at Saliba’, a place a few miles away from Khaybar, he halted again. Umm Sulaym combed Safiyyah’s hair and perfumed her. Umm Sinan al-Aslamiyah said:

“Safiyah was the fairest of all women. The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) consummated the marriage with his wife. In the morning, I asked her about what the Prophet (peace be upon him) had said to her and she replied, ‘He asked me: ‘What made you refuse to halt and lodge in the first place?’ And I said,

‘I feared for you, for the Jews were near that place.’”

Undoubtedly, this answer increased the Prophet’s (peace be upon him) respect and admiration for her.

This was Safiyyah, whose father had been killed in captivity during the Battle of Banoo Quraydhah. Whose husband, Kinaanah ibn Abi al­Huqayq, was killed during the campaign of Khaybar and who had seen her people being killed. EVEN THEN she feared for the life of the Noble Messenger (peace be upon him). This was because of nothing but the emanation of the light of faith which filled her heart and overwhelmed her being.

Co-Wife Jealousy

Ibn Sa’d narrated on the authority of ‘Ata ibn Yasar that he said:

“When Safiyah arrived from Khaybar (i.e. to Madinah), she stayed in a house belonging to Haarithah ibn an-Nu’man. The women of the Ansaar heard of this and came to see her beauty. ‘Aa’ishah also came wearing her face veil. When she left, the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) asked her, ‘What did you see?’ She said,

‘I saw a Jewish woman!!’

He then said to her, ‘Do not say that. For, she has embraced Islaam and practices it perfectly.'”

It wasn’t only ‘Aa’ishah who was upset, some of the Prophet’s other wives were also jealous of her. Ibn Sa’d narrated on the authority of ‘Aa’ishah that:

“The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) was on a journey and a camel of Safiyah’s fell ill. Zaynab bint Jahsh had an extra camel, so the Prophet (peace be upon him) asked her, ‘Safiyah’s camel is ill, can you please give her a camel?’ Zaynab said,

‘Should I give my (camel) to that Jewish woman?’”

In fact, it was also reported that the Prophet’s wives used to say many other things about her too.

Her servant Kinaanah narrated that she (Safiyyah) said: “The Prophet (peace be upon him) entered my house when it had reached me that ‘Aa’ishah and Hafsah used to say they were dearer to the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) than me and that they were his wives and cousins.” When she mentioned this to the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) he said to her, ‘You should have told them, ‘How can you be better than me when my husband is Muhammad and my father is Bon and my uncle is Moses?””

Safiyyah’s Remarkable Intelligence

Some of Safiyyah’s most prominent qualities were her qualities of intelligence, forbearance and nobility. A maid of her once plotted against her and went to ‘Umar lying about how Safiyyah loved Saturday and that she was kind to the Jews. ‘Umar sent for her and asked her about this statement. She said,

“As for Saturday I no longer love it since Allah has substituted Friday over it for me. As for the Jews, I still have kith and kin among them, so I have to be kind to them.”

Safiyyah knew that it was her maid who had plotted against her and asked,

“Why did you do that?”

The maid said, “It was Satan.” Safiyyah then told her,

“Go, you are free.”

I believe that Safiyyah freed her maid because she had said the truth and asserted that the cause of this plot was Satan. This act of Safiyah is an indication of her forbearance and excellence. Also, this maid may have once again succumbed to the temptations of Satan, in this way Safiyyah also cleverly safeguarded herself from such an incident occurring once again.

The Truthful Lady

“She is truthful” was the testimony made by the Noble Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) regarding our mother Safiyyah (may Allah be pleased with her). Yes, a testimony from the Truthful One, the one who never spoke out of his own desire.

Ibn Sa’d reported with a sound chain of transmitters on the authority of Zayd ibn Aslam who said: “The Prophet’s wives gathered (around him) when the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) was in his sickness, (the same sickness) due to which he passed away. Safiyyah (may Allah be pleased with her) said,

‘O Prophet of Allah! I wish I was suffering from that which you are suffering from!’

Upon hearing this, the Prophet’s wives began winking towards each other. The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) commanded them, ‘Go and rinse your mouths.’ They said, ‘From what?!’ He said,

‘Because of your winking at one another in order to mock her. By Allah! She is truthful (in what she said).”

Even after the Prophet’s death, Safiyyah lived among the believers as one of the Mothers of the Believers, honored and abundantly respected.

She died in the year 52 A.H. during the caliphate of Mu’aawiyah ibn Abi Sufiyan. She had memorized many ahaadeeth of the Prophet (peace be upon him) which she would narrate and the people inturn narrated from her.

May Allah be pleased with her and please her. Aameen!

From: http://idealmuslimah.com/personalities/sahaabiyaat/194-safiyah-bint-huyay-ibn-akhtab.html