Category Archives: Stories Of The Salaf

Haroot and Maroot

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وَاتَّبَعُوا مَا تَتْلُو الشَّيَاطِينُ عَلَىٰ مُلْكِ سُلَيْمَانَ ۖ وَمَا كَفَرَ سُلَيْمَانُ وَلَٰكِنَّ الشَّيَاطِينَ كَفَرُوا يُعَلِّمُونَ النَّاسَ السِّحْرَ وَمَا أُنْزِلَ عَلَى الْمَلَكَيْنِ بِبَابِلَ هَارُوتَ وَمَارُوتَ ۚ وَمَا يُعَلِّمَانِ مِنْ أَحَدٍ حَتَّىٰ يَقُولَا إِنَّمَا نَحْنُ فِتْنَةٌ فَلَا تَكْفُرْ ۖ فَيَتَعَلَّمُونَ مِنْهُمَا مَا يُفَرِّقُونَ بِهِ بَيْنَ الْمَرْءِ وَزَوْجِهِ ۚ وَمَا هُمْ بِضَارِّينَ بِهِ مِنْ أَحَدٍ إِلَّا بِإِذْنِ اللَّهِ ۚ وَيَتَعَلَّمُونَ مَا يَضُرُّهُمْ وَلَا يَنْفَعُهُمْ ۚ وَلَقَدْ عَلِمُوا لَمَنِ اشْتَرَاهُ مَا لَهُ فِي الْآخِرَةِ مِنْ خَلَاقٍ ۚ وَلَبِئْسَ مَا شَرَوْا بِهِ أَنْفُسَهُمْ ۚ لَوْ كَانُوا يَعْلَمُونَ ﴿١٠٢﴾؅

They followed what the Shayatin (devils) gave out (falsely of the magic) in the lifetime of Sulaiman (Solomon). Sulaiman did not disbelieve, but the Shayatin (devils) disbelieved, teaching men magic and such things that came down at Babylon to the two angels, Harut and Marut, but neither of these two (angels) taught anyone (such things) till they had said, “We are only for trial, so disbelieve not (by learning this magic from us).” And from these (angels) people learn that by which they cause separation between man and his wife, but they could not thus harm anyone except by Allah’s Leave. And they learn that which harms them and profits them not. And indeed they knew that the buyers of it (magic) would have no share in the Hereafter. And how bad indeed was that for which they sold their ownselves, if they but knew. Surah Baqarah, Ayah 102.

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The Children of Israel received a Great Book from Allah, namely the Quran, which confirmed what they had been told in the Tawraah (i.e. Torah); they were claiming to adhere to their scripture, yet they disbelieved in the Messenger (Muhammad) sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allah exalt his mention ) and a group of them also threw the Scripture of Allah (i.e., the Tawraah) behind their backs and shunned it, despite them knowing that it was the truth, as Allah tells us, saying what means: “…A party of those who had been given the Scripture threw the Scripture of Allah [i.e., the Tawraah] behind their backs as if they did not know [what it contained].” [Quran 2: 101]

It is the way of Allah that He punishes those who shun that which benefits them; He therefore busies them with things that are of no benefit to them, or makes them indulge in what harms them. Whoever shuns the worship of the Most Merciful will be afflicted with the worship of idols.

Whoever shuns Islamic monotheism will be afflicted with association with Allah. Whoever shuns the Sunnah will be afflicted with religious innovation. Whoever shuns adhering to the Islamic texts will be afflicted with blind imitation of others who have no evidence to back up their actions.

Whoever shuns hoping in, loving and fearing only Allah will be afflicted with directing all these acts to other than Him. Whoever refrains from spending his wealth for the sake of Allah will be afflicted with spending it for the sake of Satan.

Whoever shuns humbling himself to Allah will be afflicted with being humiliated by other people, and whoever shuns the truth will be afflicted with adhering to falsehood.

This is exactly what happened to the Jews when they shunned the Book of Allah; they were afflicted with following in the footsteps of Satan. During the reign of Sulaymaan, may Allah exalt his mention, they refused to believe in the Book of Allah, and were thus afflicted by following what the devils recited and invented.

The devils introduced magic to the people and claimed that Sulaymaan, may Allah exalt his mention, used magic and that it was the means for him to have such great power and a vast empire.

Indeed they lied, because Allah is the One who granted him enough power and such a vast empire that he had no need to resort to magic, or to seek the help of the devils. As a matter of fact, Allah facilitated the devils for the disposal of Sulaymaan, may Allah exalt his mention; Allah Says what means: “They made for him what he willed of elevated chambers, statues, bowls like reservoirs, and stationary kettles…” [Quran 34: 13]

Allah utilised them for Sulaymaan, may Allah exalt his mention, to use, and so they were under his command, but after the death of Sulaymaan, may Allah exalt his mention, the devils came out to the people claiming that the reason behind his control over them was the magic he used and practiced, but Allah exposes their lie saying what means: “And they [i.e., the Children of Israel] followed [instead] what the devils had recited during the reign of Sulaymaan. It was not Sulaymaan who disbelieved …” [Quran 2: 102]

Whoever practices or uses magic is a disbeliever, but Sulaymaan, may Allah exalt his mention, never disbelieved and never practiced magic; indeed Allah confirms the very opposite, saying what means: “…It was not Sulaymaan who disbelieved, but the devils disbelieved, teaching people magic…” [Quran 2: 102] They disbelieved by teaching people magic and how to use it, thereby misguiding them.

The Jews practiced the magic that Allah sent the two angels with, namely Haaroot and Maaroot, as a means of testing people and seeing who amongst His slaves would remain steadfast and who would deviate, or who would remain upon faith and who would disbelieve.

These two angels, Haaroot and Maaroot, were sent to teach people magic in the land of Babylon in Iraq as a test for these people. One may ask: “How can Allah send these two angels to teach people magic if practicing magic is disbelief?” The answer is that it is done in order to subject people to a trial, as Allah Says what means: “…But they [i.e., the two angels] do not teach anyone unless they say: ‘We are a trial, so do not disbelieve [by practicing magic]…’” [Quran 2: 102]

These angels would initially warn people not to learn this magic, and that to do so would entail disbelief, but if they insisted on learning magic, then they would teach them it; this magic could thereafter be used for prohibited reasons, such as to separate spouses. The Jews practiced the magic that they accused Sulaymaan, may Allah exalt his mention, of using.

The Jews learnt magic and became specialists in it, and to this day the most skilled magicians are the Jews, especially the Moroccan Jews. These Jews shunned the news of the description and imminent arrival of the Prophet Muhammad sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allah exalt his mention ) that was in their scripture; they also shunned the new Book (i.e. the Quran); they eschewed all this and instead resorted to learning and practicing magic.

In this story, Allah mentions some of the evil consequences of magic, such as what means: “…And [yet] they learn from them that by which they cause separation between a man and his wife…” [Quran 2: 102]

This is while Allah describes marriage as something that results in harmony when He Says what means: “…He placed between you [i.e., man and his wife] affection and mercy….” [Quran 30: 21]

Magic separates man from his wife, which is proof that it does have an effect, but this effect only occurs by the will of Allah. Some types of magic make a person love another and act as if he is enslaved to him or her; such a person would feel that he simply cannot live without this person; another type of magic results in the opposite, whereby a person may hate another to the extent that he cannot even look him in the eye; a father can be bewitched in order to make him despise his children or wife, as in the previously mentioned verse of Chapter Al-Baqarah.

Allah Says what means: “But they [i.e. the Children of Israel] certainly knew that whoever purchased it [i.e. learnt and practiced magic] would not have in the Hereafter any share.” [Quran 2: 102]

The scholars differed in their interpretation of this verse. Some of them stated that Allah did not send down these angels with magic to teach people, but rather it was the devils who taught people magic. On the other hand, many from the Salaf (predecessors) may Allah have mercy upon them were of the view that Allah sent down to the earth these two angels from the heavens as a punishment to them; others said that they were angels who deviated and were an exceptional case from all the other angels, who never disobey Allah; yet others said that they were honourable angels who were sent down to teach people magic as a way of testing them, but who only taught those who insisted on learning it after having been informed and reminded that magic is a form of disbelief, and after having been sternly warned against learning and practicing it.

Undoubtedly, learning magic is prohibited, and practicing it is disbelief, as indicated in the verse, in addition to many prophetic narrations that affirm this fact.

Faree’ah bint Malik

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She was the daughter of the great Companion, Malik bin Sinan bin ‘Obaid Ansari Khudri. It was about him that the Prophet(S.A.W) said:

“Whosoever wants to see a person of Paradise, then they should look at her.” Her brother was Abu Sa’eed Khudri, the Mufti (scholar) of the Grand Mosque at Al-Madinah. He was an extremely learned man, and an authority on Hadith.

He was also a Mujahid and General of the Muslim army and had been a ruler of a province. One thousand one hundred and seventy Ahadith are attributed to him. Another brother from her mother’s side was a General too. He was

Qatadah bin Nu’man Ansari, who had taken part in the battles of Badr and Uhud.

On one occasion his eye was injured by the enemy and came out of its socket. When the Prophet(S.A.W) saw this he thrust it back with his hand; it went back to its original position and his vision became sharper than before. The father of Faree’ah bint Malik, Malik bin Sinan bin ‘Obaid Ansari Khudri, was one of the greatest and foremost Companions, and a personality who, the

Prophet(S.A.W) said, was of Paradise. He could not take part in the Battle of Badr, but in Uhud he was martyred defending the life of the Prophet(S.A.W). When he went

to the Prophet(S.A.W) to volunteer for the Battle of Uhud he was accompanied by his

son, Sa’d.

Faree’ah bint Malik was married to Sahl bin Rafi’ bin Bashir Khazraji. He was killed by some of his slaves near Al-Madinah. This tragedy left her

grief-stricken. After the murder of her husband she wanted to go back to her parents’ house. She consulted the Prophet(S.A.W) as to what course of action was permitted by the Shari’ah, and if she could do so. He said that she should continue to stay in her house till she completed the prescribed waiting period. It should be noted that when a woman’s husband dies she should

observe a period of mourning for four months and ten days.

Faree’ah bint Malik says that she obeyed the Prophet(S.A.W) and stayed in her house for the

prescribed period, and after that she devoted her full life to the service and propagation of Islam. She was one of those who took part in the Bai’at

Ridhwnn. Faree’ah bint Malik had a very good memory. If she heard the command of the

Prophet(S.A.W) even once, she would immediately learn it and retain it in her

memory. In their study of traditions and Ahadith, many great scholars would approach her for authentication or reference. Especially in the matter of observance of ‘Iddat; she has the distinction of being the predominant authority regarding the rules to be observed.

One thousand four hundred people went to perform ‘Umrah in the year 6th after Hijrah and were stopped by the Quraish at Hudaibiah. They gathered under a tree to swear allegiance to Allah and His Messenger. They also swore to take

revenge for the death of their emissary, ‘Uthman bin ‘Affan, who was sent by the Prophet(S.A.W) to Makkah to negotiate with the enemy. Rumour had it that he was killed by the Quraish. The ardour and spirit of sacrifice of these people appealed so much to Allah that He promised Paradise for all of them.

It was an honour of which they could be truly jubilant and proud. Surely such a promise is given to only the very fortunate, and Faree’ah bint Malik

was one of them.

Allah will be pleased with them and they with Him.

The People Of The Garden

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إِنَّا بَلَوْنَاهُمْ كَمَا بَلَوْنَا أَصْحَابَ الْجَنَّةِ إِذْ أَقْسَمُوا لَيَصْرِمُنَّهَا مُصْبِحِينَ.وَلَا يَسْتَثْنُونَ.

Verily We have tried them as We tried the People of the Garden, when they resolved to gather the fruits of the (garden) in the morning. But made no reservation, (“If it be Allah’s Will”).

-Sura Al-Qalam, Ayah 17-18

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Once there was a wealthy and pious man. He had a big garden full of green trees laden with fruits. After the fruits were picked, this rightful man used to distribute some fruits among the poor who would gather at the garden every season to take their share.

Allah liked this act of the man. By the grace of Allah the garden used to give rich harvest every season. Truly, one who spends for the sake of Allah gets the reward in the hereafter as well as in this life.

This man had many sons who were not so pious as him. When their father died, they discussed a plan and said to each other that their father was not a wise man. He did not know how it was difficult to earn livelihood. They did not like the habit of distributing some of the fruits among the poor. They felt as if all their efforts would go to vain if the poor had some share.

One of the sons had a concern. What will they tell the poor people when they gather to take their fruits next time? They thought over its implications, as they were worried about losing their prestige. However, they were not afraid of Allah’s wrath. One of them suggested removing all the fruits in the night and thus clearing the garden before dawn so that nobody could come and ask for his share. Everyone agreed to this suggestion. Since they were not even afraid of Allah, they forgot to say ‘Insha-Allah’, which means if Allah Wills.

Allah is all Powerful. He knows no bounds in His Governance. All the brothers went to sleep with a view to getting up early in the morning and gather the ripe fruits. In the meantime, with the Will of Allah “…there passed by on the (garden) a visitation (fire) from your Lord at night and burnt it while they were asleep.” (Verse 19)

In the early morning as they were proceeding towards the garden, they were quite unaware that Allah had willed otherwise. Because the garden had become “black by the morning, like a pitch dark night (in complete ruins)” (Verse 20).

Soon they realized the situation and yelled: “Verily, we have gone astray,” “Nay! Indeed we are deprived of (the fruits)!”

The best among them said: “Did I not say to you ‘Why not glorify (Allah)’?” (Verses 26-28). He had been advising them earlier against this act, for he had said it is only Allah who would enhance their fruits if they continued to give away some of them in charity.

All of them felt regretful over their misdeed. They turned, to one another, in reproach and said: “Glory to our Lord! Verily we have been doing wrong. Alas for us! We have indeed transgressed!” All of them, then, sought Allah’s pardon and said: “We hope that our Lord will give us in exchange a better (garden) than this. Truly, we turn to our Lord (wishing for good that He may forgive our sins, and reward us in the Hereafter).” (Verses 31-32)

The Story of the People of the Garden, as found in Surah Al-Qalam (68:17-33), teaches us that when Allah’s gifts are not used as He (SWT), the Most Generous, instructs us to use them, by sharing a part of what we receive with the needy, then He (SWT) can deprive us of those gifts. Selfishness and greed result in loss, whereas generosity and kindness invite Allah’s Blessings and Abundance.

Maimoonah bint Harith Al-Hilalaih

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Abu Hurairah and Abdullah Ibn Abbas (RA) narrated that the original name of Maimoonah (RA) was Barah, and was changed by the Prophet(SAW). Her father was Harith bin Hazan, and he belonged to the tribe of Banu Halal. Her mother’s name was Hind bint Auf. Umm Al-Fadhal Lababah Kubra and Lababah Sughra, Asma’ and Uzzah were here sisters.

Umm Al-Fadhal Lababah Kubra was married to Abbas bin Abdul Muttalib and she had the honor of being the second lady to accept Islam after Khadija. Lababah Sugrah married Walid bin Mughaira; their son was Khalid bin Waleed on of the greatest generals of Islam. Asma bint Harith married Ubay bin Khalaf and Uzzah married Ziyad bin Abdullah bin Malik. Asma bint Omais, Salama bint Omais, Salama bint Omais were her sisters from her mothers side.

Asma’ bint Omais was first married to Ja’far bin Abi Talib (RA). She had three sons by him – Abdullah, Awn and Muhammad. When he was martyred she married Abu Bakr Siddique(RA). She bore him a son, Muhammad bin Abi Bakr. When Abu Bakr Siddique(RA) died, she married for a third time. Her third husband was Ali bin Abi Talib, and they had a son named Yahya. Salamah bint Omais married Hamzah bin Abdul Muttalib. And her third sister Salama bint Omais married Abdullah bin Ka’b.

Thus Hind bint Auf had the unique distinction of being the only woman who was the mother-in-law of the Prophet(SAW), the first Caliph Abu Bakr Siddique, Hamzah bin Abdul Muttalib, Ja’far bin Abi Talib and Ali bin Abi Talib (RA).

One of her grandsons was Abdullah bin Abbas who was the greatest standard bearer of the Muslim army. He was a learned commentator on the Noble Qur’an and well versed in Hadith and Fiqh. Another grandson was the greatest General Mentioned above, Lababah Sughra’s son Khalid bin Waleed. So Maimoonah(RA) came from a very illustrious family of martyrs, warriors and intellectuals.

She was first married to Mas’ood bin Amir bin Omair Thaqafi, but they soon separated on grounds of incompatibility. Her second husband was Abu Raham bin Abdul Uzzah Amir Quraishi. He died shortly after their marriage and Maimoonah (RA) was widowed at a very early age.

In the 7th year after Hijrah the Prophet(SAW) went with his companions to Makkah to perform Umrah. It is said that Maimoonah(RA) wished to marry him and become on the honorable Mothers of the Believers. Soon this wish became an absorbing desire. She even mentioned it to her sisters.

She felt her tribe, Banu Hilal should also be connected to the Prophet (SAW) in the same way the other tribes were connected by marriage. Lababah Kubra who was married to Abbas bin Abdul Muttalib mentioned her sisters wish to her husband, saying that since he was the uncle and very highly respected by the prophet(SAW), if he requested him, her sisters wish could be fulfilled.

When Abbas spoke to the prophet(SAW) he requested Ja’far bin Abi Talib to make the arrangements for the marriage. The prophet(SAW) had finished his Umrah and was free, and Maimoonah was on a camel. When she saw him she involuntarily exclaimed that the camel and its rider were bequeathed to Allah’s messenger. Thus she gifted herself to the Prophet(SAW) and he accepted her very gracefully.

But a more popular tradition says that when he arrived in Makkah for his Umrah he sent Ja’far bin Abi Talib with his proposal of marriage to Maimoonah. She asked her brother-in-law, Abbas bin Abdul Muttalib to handle matters. When the prophet(SAW) finished his Umrah Abbas arranged the ceremony.

Allah Said,

“ O Prophet! Verily, We have made lawful to you your wives, to whom you have paid their Mahr, and those(slaves) whom your right hand possesses-whom Allah has given to you, and the daughters of your paternal uncles and the daughters of your paternal aunts and the daughters of your maternal uncles and the daughters of your maternal aunts who migrated with you, and a believing woman if she offers herself to the Prophet, and the Prophet wishes to marry her, a privilege for you only, not for (the rest) of the believers. Indeed We know what We have enjoined upon them about their wives and those whom their right hands possess, in order that there should be no difficulty on you. And Allah is Ever Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” (33:50)

After his Umrah the Prophet(SAW) stayed in Makkah for three days. Then, on the forth morning Hawaitab bin Abdul Uzza came with some of the polytheists and told him that since he had finished his Umrah, he ought to leave, according to the terms of the Treaty of Hudaibah. The Prophet(SAW) requested that they be allowed to stay for a few more days, and he invited them to attend the dinner he had arranged to celebrate the marriage. Hawaitab answered that they were not interested in any dinner; they just wanted him to go.

The Prophet(SAW) left and pitched camp at a place called Saraf, about nine miles from Makkah, and here he celebrated the marriage. His slave, Abu Rafi brought Maimoonah on a a camel to Saraf. It was here that her name was changed from Barah to Maimoonah(RA). Both had completed the rites of Umrah; they changed their garments of Ihram and the marriage could take place according to Shari’ah.

Maimoonah(RA) was the last lady that Muhammad(SAW) married. She was 26years old at the time. When they reached Al-Madinah an apartment, which was built next to the Prophet’s mosque, was given to her. The other wives of the Prophet(SAW) warmly welcomed her. She used to pray in the Prophet’s mosque because she heard him saying that one prayer in it was the equivalent to a thousand prayers in all other mosques, except Masjid Haram at Makkah. One prayer in Masjid Haram was equal to a hundred thousand prayers in any other mosque.

One year several delegations came to Al-Madina; one of them was from the tribe Banu Halal. One of the members of this delegation was the son of the sister of Maimoonah, Ziyad bin Abdullah bin Malik Amri. He visited his aunt in her apartment when the Prophet(SAW) happened to be out on some task. When he came and saw a stranger seated with her he was not pleased. Maimoonah (RA) sensitive as she was, sensed his displeasure and immediately introduced him as her sister’s son and a member of the visiting delegation. He expressed his pleasure and prayed for Allah Almighty’s blessings for him.

Maimoonah (RA) was valued highly for her traits like God-Fearing and nurturing good relations with all members of the family. And this tribute was paid to her by Aisha(RA) when she passed away by saying ‘By Allah! Maimoonah (RA) has passed away, she was the most Allah-Fearing and nurtured the ties of kinship.’

Maimoonah had an excellent memory, and knew by heart many of the Ahadith – 2210 attributed to Aisha(RA). Next came Umm Salamah with 378 Ahadith. Next came Maimoonah(RA) 76 Ahadith were attributed to her.

In Sahih Al-Bukhari a Hadith is narrated from Abdullah bin Abbas (RA) and attributed to Maimoonah(RA). Someone asked the Prophet(SAW) regarding a mouse that had fallen into some clarified butter. He said the mouse and what surrounds it should be thrown out and the rest could be eaten.

Musnad Abu Ya’la, Muslim, Abu Dawood and Nisa’i have quoted another Hadith from Maimoonah(RA). This was narrated by the wife of Abdullah bin Abbas(RA).

One morning the Prophet(SAW) looked very worried and he seemed to be in the same mood in the evening. The next day the same mood continued. Maimoonah(RA) asked him what was troubling him. He said the Angel Jibril(AS) promised to come and visit him, but he had not turned up. Such a thing never happened before.

Then the family noticed there was a puppy sitting under a bed. he was chased out and that part of the floor was washed on the directions of the Prophet(SAW). Soon after that the Angel Jibril (AS) came. Then the Prophet(SAW) asked him why he had not come earlier as promised, and he said that this had never happened before. Then the Angel told him that angels do not enter places where there are dogs or pictures.

Maimoonah sometimes used to take loans, Once a member of her family remarked on this and asked her why she did this. She did not quite like this question and replied that the Prophet(SAW) used to say if a Muslim borrowed money and he sincerely believed that Allah(SWT) would help him to repay the loan, then Allah would surely arrange things in an unexpected manner.

Aisha relates that the last fatal illness of the Prophet(SAW) started while he was in the apartment of Maimoonah. He asked permission of his other wives to spend those days in the apartment of Aisha(RA). They all readily agreed. When he passed away he was pleased with all his wives. When his pure soul left his body he was in the apartment of his favorite wife Aisha(RA) resting his head in her lap. And he was buried in his favorite place, her apartment. Nine of his wives were alive at the time. They were Aisha, Maimoonah, Safiyyah, Juveriah, Saudah, Zainab, Ramlah, Hind and Hafsah(RA)

It was during the caliphate of Mu’awiyah, in the year 51st after Hijrah, that Maimoonah died. She was in Makkah and she fell ill there. She was very restless and wanted to be taken some place else. Her relatives took her to Saraf, the same place where she had got married to the Prophet(SAW). After reaching the exact spot where she spent her wedding night, she passed away. Abdullah bin Abbas(RA) conducted the funeral prayers, and she was buried with great honor.

“O the one in (complete) rest and satisfaction! Come back to your Lord – well pleased and well pleasing. Enter you then among My (honored) servants, and enter you My Paradise.” (89:30)

From: Great Women Of Islam

The Story Of Qarun

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The Story Of Qarun

وَابْتَغِ فِيمَا آتَاكَ اللَّهُ الدَّارَ الْآخِرَةَ ۖ وَلَا تَنْسَ نَصِيبَكَ مِنَ الدُّنْيَا ۖ وَأَحْسِنْ كَمَا أَحْسَنَ اللَّهُ إِلَيْكَ ۖ وَلَا تَبْغِ الْفَسَادَ فِي الْأَرْضِ ۖ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يُحِبُّ الْمُفْسِدِينَ

But seek, through that which Allah has given you, the home of the Hereafter; and [yet], do not forget your share of the world. And do good as Allah has done good to you. And desire not corruption in the land. Indeed, Allah does not like corrupters.”

-Sura Al-Qasas, Ayah 77

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It is said that Korah was a close relative of Musa (as), his cousin. At first he was one of the believers, but, later, pride and wealth drew him towards disbelief and sent him into the depth of the ground, and his amazing death became a lesson for all.

Allah blessed Qarun with so much wealth and treasure that group of strong men will not be able to carry without burden. This made him arrogant and boastful.

The righteous believers amongst his people advised him not to be arrogant and proud of his wealth, for indeed Allah does not like those who are arrogant and proud.

They advised him to use this great blessing and wealth bestowed upon him by Allah, to worship Allah and grow close to Him, to be generous as Allah was generous to him, so he will be rewarded abundantly both in this world and the hereafter.

He unfortunately paid no heedto their warnings.

The Israelites of weak faith amongst his people felt envious of him. The true believers never felt inclined towards his wealth, rather comprehended the pitiful situation he was in and advised the ones of weak faith to retain the nobility of a believer in their conduct and never prefer the temporary pleasures of this world over the mercy Allah.

The main reason why Qarun went astray was his belief that he was possessed with “knowledge” and thats why Allah blessed him with wealth. In other words, he had the boastful attitude that he was superior to other people.

Nevertheless, in the end, Qarun’s arrogance brought him nothing but harm. He brought great torment upon himself by being ungrateful to Allah, and arrogantly believing that all his possessions were earned of his own accord.

فَخَسَفْنَا بِهِ وَبِدَارِهِ الْأَرْضَ فَمَا كَانَ لَهُ مِنْ فِئَةٍ يَنْصُرُونَهُ مِنْ دُونِ اللَّهِ وَمَا كَانَ مِنَ الْمُنْتَصِرِينَ

And We caused the earth to swallow him and his home. And there was for him no company to aid him other than Allah, nor was he of those who [could] defend themselves.

-Sura Al-Qasas, Ayah 81

His wealth, treasures, servants, all were of no avail to him at the end. They could not protect him from the wrath and punishment of Allah, nor could he help or save himself.

What befell Qarun was a warning, and an event from which those around him, as well as succeeding generations, were to draw lessons from.

Those who sympathized with him immediately realized that what they had desired so dearly was actually temporary and ultimately worthless. They recognized that those who boast of their possessions and wealth can never attain salvation, and that they will eventually have to give account for their deeds

Wealth does not indicate that Allah is pleased with its owner, for Allah gives and withholds, allows times of difficulty and times of ease, raises and lowers. He gives wealth to those whom He loves and those whom He does not love, but *He gives Faith only to those whom He loves.*

The Story of Qarun (Korah) and his riches, as given in Surah Al-Qasas (28:76-83), is an eye opener for those who delude themselves about the power and worth of worldly riches. Qarun took great pride in himself and his wealth, believing it to be the result of his own knowledge and forgetting that the true Source of all Good is Allah.

Safiyyah bint Huyay Ibn Akhtab

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Safiyyah bint Huyay Ibn Akhtab

The circumstances surrounding how Safiyyah (may Allah be pleased with her) became one of the Mothers of the Faithful is of great significance and strongly related to the historical progress of the Dawah of Islaam. Therefore, we will cover and elaborate on these circumstances along the way.

Her father Huyay ibn Akhtab was one of the most malicious, treacherous and dangerous Jewish leaders of his time towards Islaam and the Muslims. This was very dangerous for the Muslims as he was the leader of Banoo Nadheer, one of the largest of the three Jewish tribes living in Madeenah at that time. The other two major tribes were Banoo Qaynuqaa’ and Banoo Quraydhah.

When the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) came to Madeenah, he began organizing the new Muslim society and had to enter into pacts and treaties with different Jewish clans. But it was not long before they broke their treaties. Banoo Qaynuqaa’ were the first to act treacherously, followed by the Banoo Nadheer.

One day the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) came to them with a group of his Companions seeking to pay the blood­money (diyah) of two people who were killed mistakenly. He did so because of the alliance that was between them. Outwardly, they welcomed him and even stood up with pretentious respect. Their leader, Huyay ibn Akhtab then inconspicuously suggested to them that they should seize this excellent opportunity to kill the Prophet (peace be upon him), as the Prophet did not have many of his Companions with him. Most of them agreed to his suggestion and began to plot the Prophet’s assassination. It was then that Angel Gabriel came to the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) and informed him of what was being planned against him. The Prophet (peace be upon him) stood up and then quietly left.

As a punishment for their treacherous act, the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) commanded the Jews of Banoo Nadheer to evacuate Madeenah and then gave them a specific period of time to do so. They refused to leave and instead fortified themselves within their forts. The leader of the hypocrites in Madeenah, ‘Abdullah ibn Ubayy ibn Salool, supported them and promised to help the Jews against the Prophet and his Companions.

When the period of grace expired, the army of Islaam besieged them and the hypocrite Ibn Salool disappointed the Jews and let them down. Due to their treachery, the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) had to force them to evacuate Madeenah.

Allah Almighty says, “He it is Who drove out the disbelievers among the people of the Scripture (i.e. the Jews of the tribe of Banoo an-Nadheer) from their homes at the first gathering. You did not think that they would get out. And they thought that their fortresses would defend them from Allah! But Allah’s (torment) reached them from a place where of they expected it not, and He cast terror into their hearts, so that they destroyed their own dwellings with their own hands and the hands of the believers. Then take admonition, O you with eyes (to see). And had it not been that Allah had decreed exile for them, He would certainly have punished them in this world, and in the Hereafter theirs shall be the torment of the Fire.” (Qur’aan, 59: 2-3)

Thus they left the city of Khaybar despised, detested and hated for their treachery towards the Noble and sincere Prophet of Allah. From here it was that Huyay ibn Akhtab began spreading openly his malicious propaganda against the Muslims. He began arousing, inciting and instigating the polytheists anger against the Prophet (sallallahu ‘alyhi wa sallam) by shuttling between Khaybar, Makkah and Madeenah. These efforts of Huyay brought about the Battle of the Confederates, otherwise known as the Battle of the Trench. This was followed by the Battle with the Banu Quraydhah, as they had allied themselves with the polytheists and also broken the treaties they had made to the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alyhi wa sallam).

The presence of Huyay ibn Akhtab in the midst of Banu Quraydhah was coincidentally in time with when the Muslims were at war against them. He was thus killed alongside the fighters after Sa’d ibn Mu’adh passed the judgment that they should be killed. They themselves appointed Sa’d as the arbitrator between themselves and the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alyhi wa sallam) hoping that he (Sa’d) would be lenient towards them because he was their former ally but he passed a judgement against them. The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alyhi wa sallam) then said to Sa’d (may Allah be pleased with him), “You have indeed judged concerning them with the judgment of Allah from above the seven heavens.”

Khaybar was punishment for their treacherous act, the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) commanded the Jews of Banoo Nadheer to evacuate Madeenah and then gave them a specific period of time to do so. They refused to leave and instead fortified themselves within their forts. The leader of the hypocrites in Madeenah, ‘Abdullah ibn Ubayy ibn Salool, supported them and promised to help the Jews against the Prophet and his Companions.

When the period of grace expired, the army of Islaam besieged them and the hypocrite Ibn Salool disappointed the Jews and let them down. Due to their treachery, the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) had to force them to evacuate Madeenah.

Allah Almighty says, “He it is Who drove out the disbelievers among the people of the Scripture (i.e. the Jews of the tribe of Banoo an-Nadheer) from their homes at the first gathering. You did not think that they would get out. And they thought that their fortresses would defend them from Allah! But Allah’s (torment) reached them from a place whereof they expected it not, and He cast terror into their hearts, so that they destroyed their own dwellings with their own hands and the hands of the believers. Then take admonition, O you with eyes (to see). And had it not been that Allah had decreed exile for them, He would certainly have punished them in this world, and in the Hereafter theirs shall be the torment of the Fire.” (Qur’aan, 59: 2-3)

Thus they left the city of Khaybar despised, detested and hated for their treachery towards the Noble and sincere Prophet of Allah. From here it was that Huyay ibn Akhtab began spreading openly his malicious propaganda against the Muslims. He began arousing, inciting and instigating the polytheists anger against the Prophet (sallallahu ‘alyhi wa sallam) by shuttling between Khaybar, Makkah and Madeenah. These efforts of Huyay brought about the Battle of the Confederates, otherwise known as the Battle of the Trench. This was followed by the Battle with the Banu Quraydhah, as they had allied themselves with the polytheists and also broken the treaties they had made to the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alyhi wa sallam).

The presence of Huyay ibn Akhtab in the midst of Banu Quraydhah was coincidentally in time with when the Muslims were at war against them. He was this killed alongside the fighters afer Sa’d ibn Mu’adh passed the judgment that they should be killed. They themselves appointed Sa’d as the arbitrator between themselves and the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alyhi wa sallam) hoping that he (Sa’d) would be lenient towards them because he was their former ally but he passed a judgement against them. The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alyhi wa sallam) then said to Sa’d (may Allah be pleased with him), “You have indeed judged concerning them with the judgment of Allah from above the seven heavens.”

As the wife of the Prophet (peace be upon him), Safiyah played an important role in the personal life of the Prophet (sallallahu ‘alyhi wa sallam) and in the course of his calling people to Islaam. We can therefore derive important lessons from her biography, some of which are:

One: When the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) commanded Bilaal to bring her, he brought her in the company of a female cousin of hers. Bilal made them pass by the killed Jews. When her cousin saw the dead she struck her face, screamed and heaped soil on her head. The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) heard her and said, “Keep this female devil away from me.” He then rebuked Bilal (may Allah be pleased with him), “Was mercy removed from your heart that you make the women pass by their killed people?” He said this because indeed he was the Prophet of mercy. You will never find his equal among men, even until Allah inherits the earth and all that is in it.

Two: When the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) saw Safiyah’s (may Allah be pleased with her) eyes and that they were green (i.e. bruised), he asked her why this was so, to which she responded,

“When I was the wife of Kinanah ibn Abi al-Huqayq, I saw the sun (in a dream and it was) as if it had descended on my chest. I told my husband and he slapped me very hard and said, ‘Are you wishing to be the wife of the king of the Arabs?'”

This should remind us of Prophet Yoosuf’s dream when he (peace be upon him) said: “Verily, I saw [in a dream] eleven stars and the sun and the moon – I saw them prostrating themselves to me.” (Qur’aan, 12: 4)

This confirms what the Jews used to discuss within their secluded assemblies regarding the Prophethood of Muhammad (peace be upon him), and that many of them knew about the truth of his message. The story of their Rabbi ‘Abdullah ibn Salaam embracing Islaam is a clear example of this.

Also, the symbolic fall of the sun onto our Mother Safiyah’s (may Allah be pleased with her) chest has its own indications. For, she has yearning in her heart which was full of Eemaan for the Messenger of Allah, Muhammad (peace be upon him). She was not coerced into this marriage, as some may mistakenly or ignorantly presume. Certainly, the life of Safiyah during the life of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and even after his death confirms the great love and affection she had for him and her deep faith in Allah Almighty and the Messengership of his Prophet (peace be upon him).

The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) did not leave Khaybar until Safiyah had finished menstruating. He placed her behind him on a mount and when he arrived at a place six miles away from Khaybar he wanted to consummate their marriage. She refused, and this annoyed him as she herself had chosen to be his wife without being coerced or forced into taking this decision. When he arrived at Saliba’, a place a few miles away from Khaybar, he halted again. Umm Sulaym combed Safiyyah’s hair and perfumed her. Umm Sinan al-Aslamiyah said:

“Safiyah was the fairest of all women. The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) consummated the marriage with his wife. In the morning, I asked her about what the Prophet (peace be upon him) had said to her and she replied, ‘He asked me: ‘What made you refuse to halt and lodge in the first place?’ And I said,

‘I feared for you, for the Jews were near that place.’”

Undoubtedly, this answer increased the Prophet’s (peace be upon him) respect and admiration for her.

This was Safiyyah, whose father had been killed in captivity during the Battle of Banoo Quraydhah. Whose husband, Kinaanah ibn Abi al­Huqayq, was killed during the campaign of Khaybar and who had seen her people being killed. EVEN THEN she feared for the life of the Noble Messenger (peace be upon him). This was because of nothing but the emanation of the light of faith which filled her heart and overwhelmed her being.

Co-Wife Jealousy

Ibn Sa’d narrated on the authority of ‘Ata ibn Yasar that he said:

“When Safiyah arrived from Khaybar (i.e. to Madinah), she stayed in a house belonging to Haarithah ibn an-Nu’man. The women of the Ansaar heard of this and came to see her beauty. ‘Aa’ishah also came wearing her face veil. When she left, the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) asked her, ‘What did you see?’ She said,

‘I saw a Jewish woman!!’

He then said to her, ‘Do not say that. For, she has embraced Islaam and practices it perfectly.'”

It wasn’t only ‘Aa’ishah who was upset, some of the Prophet’s other wives were also jealous of her. Ibn Sa’d narrated on the authority of ‘Aa’ishah that:

“The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) was on a journey and a camel of Safiyah’s fell ill. Zaynab bint Jahsh had an extra camel, so the Prophet (peace be upon him) asked her, ‘Safiyah’s camel is ill, can you please give her a camel?’ Zaynab said,

‘Should I give my (camel) to that Jewish woman?’”

In fact, it was also reported that the Prophet’s wives used to say many other things about her too.

Her servant Kinaanah narrated that she (Safiyyah) said: “The Prophet (peace be upon him) entered my house when it had reached me that ‘Aa’ishah and Hafsah used to say they were dearer to the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) than me and that they were his wives and cousins.” When she mentioned this to the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) he said to her, ‘You should have told them, ‘How can you be better than me when my husband is Muhammad and my father is Bon and my uncle is Moses?””

Safiyyah’s Remarkable Intelligence

Some of Safiyyah’s most prominent qualities were her qualities of intelligence, forbearance and nobility. A maid of her once plotted against her and went to ‘Umar lying about how Safiyyah loved Saturday and that she was kind to the Jews. ‘Umar sent for her and asked her about this statement. She said,

“As for Saturday I no longer love it since Allah has substituted Friday over it for me. As for the Jews, I still have kith and kin among them, so I have to be kind to them.”

Safiyyah knew that it was her maid who had plotted against her and asked,

“Why did you do that?”

The maid said, “It was Satan.” Safiyyah then told her,

“Go, you are free.”

I believe that Safiyyah freed her maid because she had said the truth and asserted that the cause of this plot was Satan. This act of Safiyah is an indication of her forbearance and excellence. Also, this maid may have once again succumbed to the temptations of Satan, in this way Safiyyah also cleverly safeguarded herself from such an incident occurring once again.

The Truthful Lady

“She is truthful” was the testimony made by the Noble Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) regarding our mother Safiyyah (may Allah be pleased with her). Yes, a testimony from the Truthful One, the one who never spoke out of his own desire.

Ibn Sa’d reported with a sound chain of transmitters on the authority of Zayd ibn Aslam who said: “The Prophet’s wives gathered (around him) when the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) was in his sickness, (the same sickness) due to which he passed away. Safiyyah (may Allah be pleased with her) said,

‘O Prophet of Allah! I wish I was suffering from that which you are suffering from!’

Upon hearing this, the Prophet’s wives began winking towards each other. The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) commanded them, ‘Go and rinse your mouths.’ They said, ‘From what?!’ He said,

‘Because of your winking at one another in order to mock her. By Allah! She is truthful (in what she said).”

Even after the Prophet’s death, Safiyyah lived among the believers as one of the Mothers of the Believers, honored and abundantly respected.

She died in the year 52 A.H. during the caliphate of Mu’aawiyah ibn Abi Sufiyan. She had memorized many ahaadeeth of the Prophet (peace be upon him) which she would narrate and the people inturn narrated from her.

May Allah be pleased with her and please her. Aameen!

From: http://idealmuslimah.com/personalities/sahaabiyaat/194-safiyah-bint-huyay-ibn-akhtab.html

The Story Of Saba

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The Story Of Saba

لَقَدْ كَانَ لِسَبَإٍ فِي مَسْكَنِهِمْ آيَةٌ ۖ جَنَّتَانِ عَنْ يَمِينٍ وَشِمَالٍ ۖ كُلُوا مِنْ رِزْقِ

رَبِّكُمْ وَاشْكُرُوا لَهُ ۚ بَلْدَةٌ طَيِّبَةٌ وَرَبٌّ غَفُورٌ

There was for [the tribe of] Saba’ in their dwelling place a sign: two [fields of] gardens on the right and on the left. [They were told], “Eat from the provisions of your Lord and be grateful to Him. A good land [have you], and a forgiving Lord.”

-Sura Saba’, Ayah 15

________

The name Saba’ pertains to the tribes inhabiting Yemen and Syria at that time, to whom Allah sent many prophets. The people of Saba’ were the kings of Yemen and Balqees, the wife of Sulaymaan, may Allah exalt his mention, was from them.

Allah sent messengers to them, instructing them to eat from what He had provided for them and show gratitude towards Him, as well as to worship Him alone and believe in His oneness.

They adhered to these instructions for a while, but then shunned His commandments, and were thus punished by a flood on their land from a dam they built themselves.

Many scholars mentioned that the Dam of Ma’rab was built to keep water behind two great mountains, and when the water rose, the people began to plant orchards and fruit trees and many kinds of vegetables.

People were living in happiness and abundance. Qatada and others said: “The woman (from among them) would go putting a basket on her head, and it would be filled with fresh, ripe fruits, and they said that the air they breathed was so clean and pure that neither flies, nor harmful germs were found in their land.”

“And (remember) when your Lord proclaimed: If you give thanks (by accepting Faith and worshipping none but Allah), I will give you more (of My Blessings); but if you are thankless (i.e. disbelievers), verily My punishment is indeed severe” (Ibrahim, 14:7).

Instead of continuing to be thankful, they turned away, shunned the commandments of Allah and dealt with His Grace arrogantly; they shunned monotheism and His worship, and refused to be thankful; they began worshipping the sun instead of Allah

“But they turned away [refusing], so We sent upon them the flood of the dam, and We replaced their two [fields of] gardens with gardens of bitter fruit, tamarisks and something of sparse lote trees. [By] that We repaid them because they disbelieved. And do We [thus] repay except the ungrateful?”

-Sura Saba’, Ayah 16-17

The bases of the dam became very weak and the dam collapsed and the water drowned everything. Their good fruit trees turned into bad ones. They were deprived of that great blessing and comprehensive grace; their land was destroyed and they themselves were scattered all over the globe.

Allah the All Mighty sends His severe punishment to only those who disbelieve in Him and belie His Messengers, disobey His Orders, and violate His Boundaries.

The Story of Saba’, as told in Surah Saba’ (34:15-19), is the story of how people invited devastation and destruction upon themselves when, after receiving abundance from Allah, they denied His Graces. As long as they were righteous and followed the Straight Path, they enjoyed happiness and ease. But when they replaced guidance with misguidance and worshipped other than Allah Almighty, Allah released a flood from the very dam that they themselves had constructed with great ingenuity. Thus those who escaped and survived were scattered all over the globe.