Haroot and Maroot

وَاتَّبَعُوا مَا تَتْلُو الشَّيَاطِينُ عَلَىٰ مُلْكِ سُلَيْمَانَ ۖ وَمَا كَفَرَ سُلَيْمَانُ وَلَٰكِنَّ الشَّيَاطِينَ كَفَرُوا يُعَلِّمُونَ النَّاسَ السِّحْرَ وَمَا أُنْزِلَ عَلَى الْمَلَكَيْنِ بِبَابِلَ هَارُوتَ وَمَارُوتَ ۚ وَمَا يُعَلِّمَانِ مِنْ أَحَدٍ حَتَّىٰ يَقُولَا إِنَّمَا نَحْنُ فِتْنَةٌ فَلَا تَكْفُرْ ۖ فَيَتَعَلَّمُونَ مِنْهُمَا مَا يُفَرِّقُونَ بِهِ بَيْنَ الْمَرْءِ وَزَوْجِهِ ۚ وَمَا هُمْ بِضَارِّينَ بِهِ مِنْ أَحَدٍ إِلَّا بِإِذْنِ اللَّهِ ۚ وَيَتَعَلَّمُونَ مَا يَضُرُّهُمْ وَلَا يَنْفَعُهُمْ ۚ وَلَقَدْ عَلِمُوا لَمَنِ اشْتَرَاهُ مَا لَهُ فِي الْآخِرَةِ مِنْ خَلَاقٍ ۚ وَلَبِئْسَ مَا شَرَوْا بِهِ أَنْفُسَهُمْ ۚ لَوْ كَانُوا يَعْلَمُونَ ﴿١٠٢﴾؅

They followed what the Shayatin (devils) gave out (falsely of the magic) in the lifetime of Sulaiman (Solomon). Sulaiman did not disbelieve, but the Shayatin (devils) disbelieved, teaching men magic and such things that came down at Babylon to the two angels, Harut and Marut, but neither of these two (angels) taught anyone (such things) till they had said, “We are only for trial, so disbelieve not (by learning this magic from us).” And from these (angels) people learn that by which they cause separation between man and his wife, but they could not thus harm anyone except by Allah’s Leave. And they learn that which harms them and profits them not. And indeed they knew that the buyers of it (magic) would have no share in the Hereafter. And how bad indeed was that for which they sold their ownselves, if they but knew. Surah Baqarah, Ayah 102.


The Children of Israel received a Great Book from Allah, namely the Quran, which confirmed what they had been told in the Tawraah (i.e. Torah); they were claiming to adhere to their scripture, yet they disbelieved in the Messenger (Muhammad) sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allah exalt his mention ) and a group of them also threw the Scripture of Allah (i.e., the Tawraah) behind their backs and shunned it, despite them knowing that it was the truth, as Allah tells us, saying what means: “…A party of those who had been given the Scripture threw the Scripture of Allah [i.e., the Tawraah] behind their backs as if they did not know [what it contained].” [Quran 2: 101]

It is the way of Allah that He punishes those who shun that which benefits them; He therefore busies them with things that are of no benefit to them, or makes them indulge in what harms them. Whoever shuns the worship of the Most Merciful will be afflicted with the worship of idols.

Whoever shuns Islamic monotheism will be afflicted with association with Allah. Whoever shuns the Sunnah will be afflicted with religious innovation. Whoever shuns adhering to the Islamic texts will be afflicted with blind imitation of others who have no evidence to back up their actions.

Whoever shuns hoping in, loving and fearing only Allah will be afflicted with directing all these acts to other than Him. Whoever refrains from spending his wealth for the sake of Allah will be afflicted with spending it for the sake of Satan.

Whoever shuns humbling himself to Allah will be afflicted with being humiliated by other people, and whoever shuns the truth will be afflicted with adhering to falsehood.

This is exactly what happened to the Jews when they shunned the Book of Allah; they were afflicted with following in the footsteps of Satan. During the reign of Sulaymaan, may Allah exalt his mention, they refused to believe in the Book of Allah, and were thus afflicted by following what the devils recited and invented.

The devils introduced magic to the people and claimed that Sulaymaan, may Allah exalt his mention, used magic and that it was the means for him to have such great power and a vast empire.

Indeed they lied, because Allah is the One who granted him enough power and such a vast empire that he had no need to resort to magic, or to seek the help of the devils. As a matter of fact, Allah facilitated the devils for the disposal of Sulaymaan, may Allah exalt his mention; Allah Says what means: “They made for him what he willed of elevated chambers, statues, bowls like reservoirs, and stationary kettles…” [Quran 34: 13]

Allah utilised them for Sulaymaan, may Allah exalt his mention, to use, and so they were under his command, but after the death of Sulaymaan, may Allah exalt his mention, the devils came out to the people claiming that the reason behind his control over them was the magic he used and practiced, but Allah exposes their lie saying what means: “And they [i.e., the Children of Israel] followed [instead] what the devils had recited during the reign of Sulaymaan. It was not Sulaymaan who disbelieved …” [Quran 2: 102]

Whoever practices or uses magic is a disbeliever, but Sulaymaan, may Allah exalt his mention, never disbelieved and never practiced magic; indeed Allah confirms the very opposite, saying what means: “…It was not Sulaymaan who disbelieved, but the devils disbelieved, teaching people magic…” [Quran 2: 102] They disbelieved by teaching people magic and how to use it, thereby misguiding them.

The Jews practiced the magic that Allah sent the two angels with, namely Haaroot and Maaroot, as a means of testing people and seeing who amongst His slaves would remain steadfast and who would deviate, or who would remain upon faith and who would disbelieve.

These two angels, Haaroot and Maaroot, were sent to teach people magic in the land of Babylon in Iraq as a test for these people. One may ask: “How can Allah send these two angels to teach people magic if practicing magic is disbelief?” The answer is that it is done in order to subject people to a trial, as Allah Says what means: “…But they [i.e., the two angels] do not teach anyone unless they say: ‘We are a trial, so do not disbelieve [by practicing magic]…’” [Quran 2: 102]

These angels would initially warn people not to learn this magic, and that to do so would entail disbelief, but if they insisted on learning magic, then they would teach them it; this magic could thereafter be used for prohibited reasons, such as to separate spouses. The Jews practiced the magic that they accused Sulaymaan, may Allah exalt his mention, of using.

The Jews learnt magic and became specialists in it, and to this day the most skilled magicians are the Jews, especially the Moroccan Jews. These Jews shunned the news of the description and imminent arrival of the Prophet Muhammad sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allah exalt his mention ) that was in their scripture; they also shunned the new Book (i.e. the Quran); they eschewed all this and instead resorted to learning and practicing magic.

In this story, Allah mentions some of the evil consequences of magic, such as what means: “…And [yet] they learn from them that by which they cause separation between a man and his wife…” [Quran 2: 102]

This is while Allah describes marriage as something that results in harmony when He Says what means: “…He placed between you [i.e., man and his wife] affection and mercy….” [Quran 30: 21]

Magic separates man from his wife, which is proof that it does have an effect, but this effect only occurs by the will of Allah. Some types of magic make a person love another and act as if he is enslaved to him or her; such a person would feel that he simply cannot live without this person; another type of magic results in the opposite, whereby a person may hate another to the extent that he cannot even look him in the eye; a father can be bewitched in order to make him despise his children or wife, as in the previously mentioned verse of Chapter Al-Baqarah.

Allah Says what means: “But they [i.e. the Children of Israel] certainly knew that whoever purchased it [i.e. learnt and practiced magic] would not have in the Hereafter any share.” [Quran 2: 102]

The scholars differed in their interpretation of this verse. Some of them stated that Allah did not send down these angels with magic to teach people, but rather it was the devils who taught people magic. On the other hand, many from the Salaf (predecessors) may Allah have mercy upon them were of the view that Allah sent down to the earth these two angels from the heavens as a punishment to them; others said that they were angels who deviated and were an exceptional case from all the other angels, who never disobey Allah; yet others said that they were honourable angels who were sent down to teach people magic as a way of testing them, but who only taught those who insisted on learning it after having been informed and reminded that magic is a form of disbelief, and after having been sternly warned against learning and practicing it.

Undoubtedly, learning magic is prohibited, and practicing it is disbelief, as indicated in the verse, in addition to many prophetic narrations that affirm this fact.

Virtues of Fasting Ashoora & Tasuu’a

*Virtues of Fasting Ashoora & Tasuu’a (10th & 9th Muharram~ 20th and 19th September)*

♢ Fasting the day of ‘Ashoora’ expiate for the past year, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Fasting the day of ‘Arafah I hope Allaah will expiate thereby for the year before it and the year after it, and fasting the day of ‘Ashoora’ I hope Allaah will expiate thereby for the year that came before it.” Narrated by Muslim, 1162.

This is by the bounty that Allaah bestows upon us, whereby fasting one day expiates for the sins of a whole year. And Allaah is the Owner of great bounty.

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to be very keen to make sure he fasted on the day of ‘Ashoora’ because of its great status.

It was narrated that Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: I never saw the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) so keen to make sure he fasted any day and preferring it over another except this day, the day of ‘Ashoora’, and this month – meaning Ramadaan. Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 1867.

What is meant by being keen to make sure he fasted it is so as to earn its reward.

The reason why the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) fasted on the day of ‘Ashoora’ and urged the people to do likewise is mentioned in the hadeeth narrated by al-Bukhaari (1865) from Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with him), who said:

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) came to Madeenah and saw the Jews fasting on the day of ‘Ashoora’. He said, “What is this?” They said, “This is a good day, this is the day when Allaah saved the Children of Israel from their enemy and Moosa fasted on this day.” He said, “We are closer to Moosa than you.” So he fasted on this day and told the people to fast.

‘Abd-Allaah ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: When the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) fasted on the day of ‘Ashoora and told the people to fast, they said,

“O Messenger of Allaah, this is a day that is venerated by the Jews and Christians.” The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, “Next year, if Allaah wills, we will fast on the ninth day.” But by the time the following year came, the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) had passed away. (Muslim, 19165)

The expiation of sins that is achieved by fasting ‘Ashoora’ refers to minor sins; with regard to major sins, they need separate repentance.

Al-Nawawi (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:

Fasting the day of ‘Arafaah expiates for all minor sins, in other words this brings forgiveness for all sins except for major sins.

Then he said:

Fasting the day of ‘Arafaah is an expiation for two years, and the day of ‘Ashoora is an expiation for one year, and if a person’s Ameen coincides with the Ameen of the angels, his previous sins will be forgiven…

Each of the things mentioned may bring expiation. If he does something that expiates for minor sins he will be expiated, and if there are no minor or major sins, it will be recorded for him as good deeds and he will rise in status thereby…

If there is one or more major sins and no minor sins, we hope that it will reduce his major sins.  Al-Majmoo’ Sharh al-Muhadhdhab, part 6.

Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: The expiation of purification, prayer, and fasting Ramadaan, ‘Arafah and ‘Ashoora’ applies to minor sins only.  Al-Fataawa al-Kubra, part 5.

May Allah (subhanahu wata aala) grant us the expiation of sins gained from fasting these days, aameen.


Ibn al-Jawzi said:

From the wonders that I see from myself and all other people is inclination towards heedlessness of what is in our hands, despite us knowing how short life is and despite us knowing the fact that increase of reward over there (the Hereafter) is tied to the deeds performed over here.

So, O soul! O you whose life is so short! Take advantage of these days of mine, and wait for the Day when all shall flee, and beware of preoccupying your heart with what it has not been created for.

Carry the burdens of your soul over the times of bitterness, and tame it if refuses. Do not let it roam freely for long because indeed you are only within a pasture.

Certainly, despicable is the person who lies between two rows and yet preoccupies himself with other than them.

Source: Sayd al-Khatir, Page 301


Assalamu Alaykum Wa Rahmatullah Wa Barakatuh. I hope we are all in the best state of Iman and health. Alhamdulillah!

Al-Muta’aali- The Supremely Exalted

Muta’aali comes from the root ayn-laam-waaw, which points to four main meanings. The first is to be high, lofty, and exalted and to ascend. The second main meaning is to overcome and overwhelm and the third to advance and exceed. The fourth main meaning is to be eminent.

Linguistically, uloow points to the attribute of loftiness and a person is ‘alee when he is prominent. The names Al’Muta’aali and Al-‘Alee— meaning “Allah is the highest, above any fault, above any imperfection”— are interrelated.

Al-Muta’aali is the One whose highness exceeds any limits. He is the most lofty and exalted and the One who advances, overcomes and exceeds all of creation in His being and all His attributes. He is proud and great and His glory is too high to be comprehended by us!

Al-Muta’aali Himself said: [He is] Knower of the unseen and the witnessed, the Grand, the Exalted [Quran, 13:9]. Allah calls Himself Al-Muta’aali— The Supremely Exalted, The Most High— on one occasion in the Quran. He’s the One who is exalted above the whole creation. Al-Muta’aali is beyond the highest, far beyond any thoughts, limits, and ideals of mankind, He is sublime and is above everything due to His might and perfection!

As Muslims we should believe that Allah is One with no partner or associate in His Lordship (ruboobiyyah), divinity (‘uloohiyyah) or names and attributes (al-asma’ wa’l-sifaat).

Tawheed al-‘Uloohiyyah means devoting all acts of worship, both inward and outward, in word and deed, to Allah (Al-Muta’aali) alone, and not worshiping anything or anyone other than Allah, no matter who he is: Worship Allaah and join none with Him (in worship). [Quran, 4:36] It is called tawheed al-uloohiyyahbecause it is based on ta’alluh lillaahwhich is worship and devotion of Allah accompanied by love and veneration.

This is the purpose for which the universe was created and laws were prescribed. Our goals, our will, and our actions should all be defined to seek the face of Al-Muta’aali alone!

Praises be to the one that deserves all praise and worship. May Allah forgive us and make us strong believers. Ameen



On the authority of Abu Huraira who said: The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said,

“Verily Allah, the Exalted, is pure and accepts only that which is pure. Allah has commanded the believers to do that which he has commanded the Messengers. The

Exalted has said, ‘O Messengers! Eat of the good things and do right.’ And the Exalted also said, ‘O believers! Eat

of the good things that We have provided for you.'” Then he [the Prophet (peace be upon him)] mentioned a man

who after a long journey is disheveled and dust-colored. “[The man] stretches his hands out toward the sky and

says, ‘O Lord, O Lord,’ while his food is unlawful, his drink is unlawful, his clothing unlawful and his

nourishment is unlawful. How is he to be answered [in such

a state]?”

Recorded by Muslim.

*Brief commentary*

The importance of this hadith is that it describes the acts that are pleasing and acceptable to Allah. It shows that if an act is not pure and good, according to the Shareeah, Allah will not accept it. Indeed, Allah may not even respond to one who calls on Him if his sustenance is not from permissible sources.

The hadith states that Allah is tayyib. Literally, tayyib means

something good. As for its meaning in reference to Allah, Ibn Rajab wrote,

The meaning of al-tayyib here is al-taahir (the pure). That is, Allah is holy, above every imperfection and need; He is pure and perfect.

This hadith makes it very clear that deeds are not accepted if they are

accompanied with forbidden aspects. However, “acceptance” has many different meanings to it.

This no way implies that the person does not have to perform a particular obligatory deed if there is evidence that it will not be “accepted” by

Allah. If he does not perform the deed in itself, he will receive a further punishment. This is the manner in which the hadith that contain phrases like, “Allah does not accept the prayers” or “Allah does not accept the deeds,” are to be understood.

It is not enough to simply perform a deed for it to be accepted by Allah and for Allah to be pleased with it. Many other factors are also involved. One of the most important factors is that the person has a fear of Allah with respect to his

deed. Similarly, the person must make certain that all of his wealth and provisions are, to the best of his ability, from pure and legal sources.

Otherwise, his deeds may not be accepted by Allah.

This hadith makes it very clear that one of the most damaging aspects

for a person’s deed is when he relies on or lives off of money that is not pure and legal. The food that he eats must be permissible. The money with which he buys his food must be permissible. This is one of the essential keys by which one’s deeds will be accepted by Allah. This is an integral command that Allah has given to all of the messengers before and which Allah has also given to this Nation. This is how the Messengers must live their lives and this is how all true believers must live their lives.

The remainder of this hadith is a very moving example that the Prophet

(peace be upon him) has given. As shall be seen, the man has done almost everything that one should do in order for his supplication to be answered. However, because he is living his life off of forbidden means, Allah may not

respond to him, even though Allah loves to respond to those who call on Him.

Ya Allah make our incomes halal, our food, our shelter and our clothing halal and purify our deeds and accept it from us. Ameen.

✒*Beneficial Fatawa*✒

Question: *Is it Sunnah to observe a lot of naafil [supererogatory] fasts in the month of Muharram? Is there anything special about this month compared with other months*?

Praise be to Allah

The month of Muharram is the first month of the Arabic year, and it is one of the four sacred months of Allaah. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“Verily, the number of months with Allaah is twelve months (in a year), so was it ordained by Allaah on the Day when He created the heavens and the earth; of them four are Sacred (i.e. the 1st, the 7th, the 11th and the 12th months of the Islamic calendar). That is the right religion, so wrong not yourselves therein”

[al-Tawbah 9:36]

al-Bukhaari (3167) and Muslim (1679) narrated from Abu Bakrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:

“The division of time has turned to its original form which was current the day Allaah created the heavens and earth. The year consists of twelve months of which four are sacred: three consecutive months, Dhu’l-Qa’dah, Dhu’l-Hijjah and Muharram, and Rajab of Mudar which comes between Jumada and Sha’baan.”

It was proven from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) that the best fasting after Ramadaan is fasting in the month of Muharram.

It was narrated that Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:

“The best fasting after Ramadaan is the month of Allaah Muharram, and the best prayer after the obligatory prayer is prayer at night.” Narrated by Muslim, 1163.

With regard to the phrase “the month of Allaah”, mentioning the month in conjunction with Allaah is a sign of it’s great status. Al-Qaari said: it seems that what is meant is all of the month of Muharram.

But it was proven that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) did not fast any month in full apart from Ramadaan, so this hadeeth is to be understood as meaning that it is it is encouraged to fast a lot in the month of Muharram, not to fast the whole month.

And Allaah knows best.

Faree’ah bint Malik

She was the daughter of the great Companion, Malik bin Sinan bin ‘Obaid Ansari Khudri. It was about him that the Prophet(S.A.W) said:

“Whosoever wants to see a person of Paradise, then they should look at her.” Her brother was Abu Sa’eed Khudri, the Mufti (scholar) of the Grand Mosque at Al-Madinah. He was an extremely learned man, and an authority on Hadith.

He was also a Mujahid and General of the Muslim army and had been a ruler of a province. One thousand one hundred and seventy Ahadith are attributed to him. Another brother from her mother’s side was a General too. He was

Qatadah bin Nu’man Ansari, who had taken part in the battles of Badr and Uhud.

On one occasion his eye was injured by the enemy and came out of its socket. When the Prophet(S.A.W) saw this he thrust it back with his hand; it went back to its original position and his vision became sharper than before. The father of Faree’ah bint Malik, Malik bin Sinan bin ‘Obaid Ansari Khudri, was one of the greatest and foremost Companions, and a personality who, the

Prophet(S.A.W) said, was of Paradise. He could not take part in the Battle of Badr, but in Uhud he was martyred defending the life of the Prophet(S.A.W). When he went

to the Prophet(S.A.W) to volunteer for the Battle of Uhud he was accompanied by his

son, Sa’d.

Faree’ah bint Malik was married to Sahl bin Rafi’ bin Bashir Khazraji. He was killed by some of his slaves near Al-Madinah. This tragedy left her

grief-stricken. After the murder of her husband she wanted to go back to her parents’ house. She consulted the Prophet(S.A.W) as to what course of action was permitted by the Shari’ah, and if she could do so. He said that she should continue to stay in her house till she completed the prescribed waiting period. It should be noted that when a woman’s husband dies she should

observe a period of mourning for four months and ten days.

Faree’ah bint Malik says that she obeyed the Prophet(S.A.W) and stayed in her house for the

prescribed period, and after that she devoted her full life to the service and propagation of Islam. She was one of those who took part in the Bai’at

Ridhwnn. Faree’ah bint Malik had a very good memory. If she heard the command of the

Prophet(S.A.W) even once, she would immediately learn it and retain it in her

memory. In their study of traditions and Ahadith, many great scholars would approach her for authentication or reference. Especially in the matter of observance of ‘Iddat; she has the distinction of being the predominant authority regarding the rules to be observed.

One thousand four hundred people went to perform ‘Umrah in the year 6th after Hijrah and were stopped by the Quraish at Hudaibiah. They gathered under a tree to swear allegiance to Allah and His Messenger. They also swore to take

revenge for the death of their emissary, ‘Uthman bin ‘Affan, who was sent by the Prophet(S.A.W) to Makkah to negotiate with the enemy. Rumour had it that he was killed by the Quraish. The ardour and spirit of sacrifice of these people appealed so much to Allah that He promised Paradise for all of them.

It was an honour of which they could be truly jubilant and proud. Surely such a promise is given to only the very fortunate, and Faree’ah bint Malik

was one of them.

Allah will be pleased with them and they with Him.