Polytheism and its various manifestations


Shirk basically is polytheism, i.e., the worhip of others along with Allah. It also implies attributing divine attributes to any other besides Allah. It particularly implies associating partners in worship with Allah or believing that the source of power, harm or blessings is from others besides Allah.

1) Ash-Shirk al-Akbar, i.e. major shirk
2) Ash-Shirk al-Asgar, i.e. minor shirk
3) Ash-Shirk al-Khafii, i.e. inconspicuous shirk.

Manifesations; 1) Ash-Shirk al-Akbar (the major shirk): the major and serious polytheistic form, has four aspects:
a. Shirk ad-Du’a, i.e. invocation. This aspect implies invoking, supplicating or praying to other dieties besides Allah.
Almighty Allah says:
“And when they embark on ships they invoke Allah, making their faith pure for Him only, but when He brings them safely to land, behold, thy give a share of their worship to others.” (Q29:65)

b. Shirk an-Niyyah wal-Iradah wal-Qasd. This aspect implies intentions, purpose and determination in acts of worship or religious deeds, not for the sake of Allah but directed towards other deities.

Almighty Allah says:
“Whosoever desires the life of the world and its glitter, to them we shall pay in full (the wages of) their deeds therein, and they will have no dimunition therein. They are those for whom there is nothing in the hereafter but fire; and vain are the deeds they did therein. And of no effect is that which they used to do.” (Q11:15,16)

c. Shirk at-Ta’ah. This aspect implies rendering obedience to any authourity against the order of Allah.

Almighty Allah says:
“They(jews and christians) took their Rabbis and their monks to be their lords besides Allah (by obeying them in things which they made lawful or unlawful according to their own desires without being ordered by Allah), and (they also took as their Lord) Messiah, son of Maryam (Mary), while they (jews and christians) were commanded[(in the torah and the gospel) to worship none but one illah (God i.e., Allah), la ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He). Glorified is He (far above is He) from having the partners they associate (with him).” (Q9:31)

c. Shirk al-Muhabbah. This implies showing the love which is due to Allah alone to others than Him.

Almighty Allah says:
“and of mankind are some who take (for worship) others besides Allah as rivals (to Allah). They love them as they should love Allah. But those who believe, love Allah more. If only thos who do wrong could see, when they will see the torment, that all power belongs to Allah and that Allah is severe in punishment.” (Q2:165)

To be continued in another post in shaa Allah



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